Impaired CD4+ cell recovery during antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV resistance mutations

Impaired CD4+ cell recovery during antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV resistance mutations Antiretroviral therapy is limited by the development of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) resistance mutations. Although resistance testing is recommended during therapy failure, little is known about the optimal time points for testing or its impact on treatment. In this study, we investigated HIV polymorphisms and mutations and assessed their influence on the outcome of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We focused on viral load and CD4+ cell counts as the most important parameters for therapy response. Resistance mutations were present in 19% of all patients prior to antiretroviral treatment. Mutations causing direct antiretroviral drug resistance were observed in 10%. Analyzing therapy response, we found a significant correlation between resistance mutations and impaired CD4+ cell recovery six months after the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. Lower CD4+ cell counts were also observed in a subgroup of patients infected with a virus presenting mutations that directly lowered drug susceptibility. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Impaired CD4+ cell recovery during antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV resistance mutations

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-011-1191-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy is limited by the development of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) resistance mutations. Although resistance testing is recommended during therapy failure, little is known about the optimal time points for testing or its impact on treatment. In this study, we investigated HIV polymorphisms and mutations and assessed their influence on the outcome of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We focused on viral load and CD4+ cell counts as the most important parameters for therapy response. Resistance mutations were present in 19% of all patients prior to antiretroviral treatment. Mutations causing direct antiretroviral drug resistance were observed in 10%. Analyzing therapy response, we found a significant correlation between resistance mutations and impaired CD4+ cell recovery six months after the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. Lower CD4+ cell counts were also observed in a subgroup of patients infected with a virus presenting mutations that directly lowered drug susceptibility.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2012

References

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