Antiretroviral therapy is limited by the development of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) resistance mutations. Although resistance testing is recommended during therapy failure, little is known about the optimal time points for testing or its impact on treatment. In this study, we investigated HIV polymorphisms and mutations and assessed their influence on the outcome of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We focused on viral load and CD4+ cell counts as the most important parameters for therapy response. Resistance mutations were present in 19% of all patients prior to antiretroviral treatment. Mutations causing direct antiretroviral drug resistance were observed in 10%. Analyzing therapy response, we found a significant correlation between resistance mutations and impaired CD4+ cell recovery six months after the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. Lower CD4+ cell counts were also observed in a subgroup of patients infected with a virus presenting mutations that directly lowered drug susceptibility.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2012
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera