The focus of this study is the impact of the seismic excitation direction on the fragility of horizontally curved bridges. Nonlinear time history analyses are performed on a typical, curved concrete bridge in China using a set of real ground motions with different incident angles. To build reliable probabilistic seismic demand models, ten commonly used intensity measures (IMs) are assessed in terms of various metrics to determine the optimal IMs, which account for the influence of the seismic excitation directions. Subsequently, fragility surfaces with respect to both the optimal IM and incident angles are generated to qualify the fragility sensitivity for various components and the bridge system to the seismic excitation directions. Moreover, the rationality and applicability of the methods recommended by the Caltrans, Eurocode 8 and Chinese codes for determining the seismic excitation direction of curved bridges are evaluated. The results indicate that the excitation direction imposes a minor impact on the optimal IM rankings. Compared to structure-independent IMs, structure-dependent IMs are more appropriate for predicting the demands of horizontally curved concrete bridges. However, the seismic excitation direction significantly affects the component fragilities, and the level of the effect intensifies with increasing limit states. If the incident angle occurrence probability is not provided, the Chinese code method for the seismic excitation direction is more suitable for the horizontally curved concrete bridge fragility assessment, which has the advantages of computational efficiency when compared to the Caltrans code and relatively conservative results when compared to Eurocode 8.
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera