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Impact of oral hygiene and socio-demographic factors on dental caries in a suburban population in Nigeria

Impact of oral hygiene and socio-demographic factors on dental caries in a suburban population in... Aim This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. Methodology This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio- economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S). Data was analysed using STATA version 13, statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results The prevalence of dental caries for the study population was 12.2%, DMFT and dmft were 0.16 and 0.06 respec- tively. Children within age groups 11–13 and 14–16 years had reduced chances of having dental caries (P = 0.01; P = 0.01); children with fair oral hygiene and poor oral hygiene had increased odds of having dental caries (P ≤ 0.001; P ≤ 0.001), last child of the family also had increased odds of having dental caries while children from large family size had reduced odds of having dental caries. This study also showed that first http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry Springer Journals

Impact of oral hygiene and socio-demographic factors on dental caries in a suburban population in Nigeria

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Subject
Dentistry; Dentistry
ISSN
1818-6300
eISSN
1996-9805
DOI
10.1007/s40368-018-0342-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aim This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. Methodology This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio- economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S). Data was analysed using STATA version 13, statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results The prevalence of dental caries for the study population was 12.2%, DMFT and dmft were 0.16 and 0.06 respec- tively. Children within age groups 11–13 and 14–16 years had reduced chances of having dental caries (P = 0.01; P = 0.01); children with fair oral hygiene and poor oral hygiene had increased odds of having dental caries (P ≤ 0.001; P ≤ 0.001), last child of the family also had increased odds of having dental caries while children from large family size had reduced odds of having dental caries. This study also showed that first

Journal

European Archives of Paediatric DentistrySpringer Journals

Published: May 14, 2018

References