Impact of nanofibrillation degree of eucalyptus and Amazonian hardwood sawdust on physical properties of cellulose nanofibril films

Impact of nanofibrillation degree of eucalyptus and Amazonian hardwood sawdust on physical... The production of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) from Amazonian wood wastes could reduce pollution and raw material costs for cellulose industry. Further studies are required to analyze the feasibility of using hardwood sawdust for the production of high-quality CNF films. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of various nanofibrillation degrees of waste sawdust generated from the primary processing of different hardwood species on the physical properties of CNF films. Raw sawdust was submitted to alkaline and bleaching pre-treatments. The chemical composition of the bleached fibers was determined. The CNFs were obtained by mechanical shearing of the bleached fibers using a grinder Super MassColloider after 10, 20, 30 and 40 passages. CNFs were evaluated by transmission electron microscopy. The CNF films were formed by the casting method. Residual lignin and hemicelluloses content greatly varied among species after bleaching. No clear influence of the number of passages on apparent density was observed. None of the films was degraded in significant amounts after water immersion. Water vapor absorption (WVA) consistently decreased with more passages through the Super MassColloider for Amazonian species until 30 passages. Residual hemicelluloses of the bleached fibers adversely affected WVA. Bleached fibers made of highly purified cellulose or containing residual lignin showed lower WVA after 30 and 40 passages. Water vapor permeability showed consistent relation with the apparent density of the films. For hardwood wastes, 10–30 passages through the grinder are recommended. Wood Science and Technology Springer Journals

Impact of nanofibrillation degree of eucalyptus and Amazonian hardwood sawdust on physical properties of cellulose nanofibril films

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Life Sciences; Wood Science & Technology; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials; Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial