Impact of Er:YAG laser pulse duration on ultra-structure of dentin collagen fibrils

Impact of Er:YAG laser pulse duration on ultra-structure of dentin collagen fibrils Purpose To evaluate the ultra-morphology of the dentin after irradiation with Er:YAG laser using shorter pulse durations in different protocols by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The Er:YAG laser is an effective alternative method for hard dental tissue treatment with great acceptability among patients. However, undesirable effects may occur in dental substrate if the correct parameters are not chosen during irradiation protocols, jeopardizing bonding that could result in premature failures. But, before doing bonding tests, it is fundamental the knowledge of the laser action into dentin. It is well known that shorter pulses have less thermal damage due to less heat loss during irradiation; hence, it is primordial to evaluate the performance of shorter pulses in irradiation protocols. Methods Eighteen dentin disks with 2 mm thick were assigned into six experimental groups according to the irradiation protocol: cavity preparation (200 mJ and 20 Hz) and pretreatment (80 mJ and 2 Hz) varying the pulse duration (50, 300, or 600 μs), in focused distance and under refrigeration. Qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses were performed. Results The pretreatment with 50 μs was the protocol that maintained intact both architecture of collagens fibrils and an organized extracellular matrix. Nevertheless, the other groups showed a http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Lasers in Dental Science Springer Journals

Impact of Er:YAG laser pulse duration on ultra-structure of dentin collagen fibrils

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Dentistry; Dentistry; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices
eISSN
2367-2587
D.O.I.
10.1007/s41547-017-0020-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the ultra-morphology of the dentin after irradiation with Er:YAG laser using shorter pulse durations in different protocols by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The Er:YAG laser is an effective alternative method for hard dental tissue treatment with great acceptability among patients. However, undesirable effects may occur in dental substrate if the correct parameters are not chosen during irradiation protocols, jeopardizing bonding that could result in premature failures. But, before doing bonding tests, it is fundamental the knowledge of the laser action into dentin. It is well known that shorter pulses have less thermal damage due to less heat loss during irradiation; hence, it is primordial to evaluate the performance of shorter pulses in irradiation protocols. Methods Eighteen dentin disks with 2 mm thick were assigned into six experimental groups according to the irradiation protocol: cavity preparation (200 mJ and 20 Hz) and pretreatment (80 mJ and 2 Hz) varying the pulse duration (50, 300, or 600 μs), in focused distance and under refrigeration. Qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses were performed. Results The pretreatment with 50 μs was the protocol that maintained intact both architecture of collagens fibrils and an organized extracellular matrix. Nevertheless, the other groups showed a

Journal

Lasers in Dental ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 15, 2018

References

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