Impact of dust exposure on mixed bacterial cultures and during eukaryotic cell co-culture infections

Impact of dust exposure on mixed bacterial cultures and during eukaryotic cell co-culture infections On a daily basis, humans, and their colonizing microbiome, are exposed to both indoor and outdoor dust, containing both deleterious organic and inorganic contaminants, through dermal contact, inhalation, and ingestion. Recent studies evaluating the dust exposure responses of opportunistic pathogens, such as Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, revealed significant increases in biofilm formation following dust exposure. In this study, the effects of dust exposure on mixed bacterial cultures as well as HT-29 co-cultures were evaluated. As it was observed in pure, single bacterial cultures earlier, neither indoor nor outdoor dust exposure (at concentrations of 100 μg/mL) influenced the growth of mixed bacterial liquid cultures. However, when in paired mixed cultures, dust exposure increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and significantly enhanced biofilm formation (outdoor dust). More specifically, mixed cultures (E. coli-Klebsiella pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae-P. aeruginosa, and E. coli-P. aeruginosa) exhibited increased sensitivity to 20 and 50 mM of H2O2 in comparison to their pure, single bacterial culture counterparts and significantly enhanced biofilm production for each mixed culture. Finally, bacterial proliferation during a eukaryotic gut cell (HT29) co-culture was significantly more robust for both K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa when exposed to both house and road dust; however, E. coli only experienced significantly enhanced proliferation, in HT29 co-culture, when exposed to road dust. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that bacteria respond to dust exposure differently when in the presence of multiple bacterial species or when in the presence of human gut epithelial cells, than when grown in isolation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Springer Journals

Impact of dust exposure on mixed bacterial cultures and during eukaryotic cell co-culture infections

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Life Sciences; Microbiology; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Biotechnology
ISSN
0175-7598
eISSN
1432-0614
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00253-017-8449-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

On a daily basis, humans, and their colonizing microbiome, are exposed to both indoor and outdoor dust, containing both deleterious organic and inorganic contaminants, through dermal contact, inhalation, and ingestion. Recent studies evaluating the dust exposure responses of opportunistic pathogens, such as Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, revealed significant increases in biofilm formation following dust exposure. In this study, the effects of dust exposure on mixed bacterial cultures as well as HT-29 co-cultures were evaluated. As it was observed in pure, single bacterial cultures earlier, neither indoor nor outdoor dust exposure (at concentrations of 100 μg/mL) influenced the growth of mixed bacterial liquid cultures. However, when in paired mixed cultures, dust exposure increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and significantly enhanced biofilm formation (outdoor dust). More specifically, mixed cultures (E. coli-Klebsiella pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae-P. aeruginosa, and E. coli-P. aeruginosa) exhibited increased sensitivity to 20 and 50 mM of H2O2 in comparison to their pure, single bacterial culture counterparts and significantly enhanced biofilm production for each mixed culture. Finally, bacterial proliferation during a eukaryotic gut cell (HT29) co-culture was significantly more robust for both K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa when exposed to both house and road dust; however, E. coli only experienced significantly enhanced proliferation, in HT29 co-culture, when exposed to road dust. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that bacteria respond to dust exposure differently when in the presence of multiple bacterial species or when in the presence of human gut epithelial cells, than when grown in isolation.

Journal

Applied Microbiology and BiotechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 3, 2017

References

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