Objectives To investigate the accuracy of dual-energy (DE) CT-based iodine maps (IM) and noise-optimised monoenergetic extrapolations (MEI+) at 40 keV for the detection and differentiation of venous thrombosis (VT) from iodine flux artefacts (IFA) in comparison to portal-venous phase CT (CT ). PV Methods Ninety-nine patients were enrolled in this study. In all patients, VT or IFA was suspected on contrast-enhanced CT and confirmed by follow-up CT or colour-coded ultrasound. All examinations were performed on a third-generation dual-source CT system in DE mode during portal-venous phase. CT , IM and 40-keV MEI+ were reconstructed and PV independently evaluated by two radiologists for the presence/absence of VT and/or IFA. Diagnostic confidence was rated on a three-point scale (3 = high confidence). Quantitative parameters were obtained by calculating contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), iodine content and thrombus volume. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by calculating receiver operating characteristics (ROC) of CNR. Results Diagnostic confidence was significantly higher for IM and MEI+ [both 3 (2-3)] compared to CT [2 (1-3); p ≤ 0.03]. PV ROC analysis revealed significantly higher AUC values and increased sensitivity for IM and MEI+ (AUC = 88%/sensitivity = 79.1% and 86%/73.1%) than for CT (75%/61.2%; p ≤ 0.01). Thrombus volume was
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud