Impact of Behavioral Drug Abuse Treatment on Sexual Risk Behaviors: An Integrative Data Analysis of Eight Trials Conducted Within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network

Impact of Behavioral Drug Abuse Treatment on Sexual Risk Behaviors: An Integrative Data Analysis... The extent to which behavioral drug abuse treatments affect sexual risk behaviors is largely unknown. This study examined the impact of behavioral drug abuse treatments on sexual risk behaviors using an integrative data analysis approach across eight trials conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). Participants (N = 1305) from eight randomized controlled trials who were sexually active at baseline were included in the pooled dataset; 48.7% were female, 64.1% self-identified as a racial/ethnic minority, with M (SD) age of 34.9 (9.6). Longitudinal logistic regression estimated the probability of risky sexual behavior (i.e., inconsistent condom use and/or > 1 sexual partner in past 30 days) post-intervention with an indicator variable (1 for post-intervention), study condition (control, intervention), and their interaction as predictors; the analysis employed random effects for each trial and included relevant control variables. Time-varying differences in effects based on weeks post-intervention were incorporated using interacted linear and quadratic terms with condition status. Approximately 84.2% reported risky sexual behaviors at baseline. The control and intervention conditions were 18.5 and 17.3 percentage points less likely to report risky sexual behavior post-intervention, respectively. Results suggest decreasing rates of risky sex engagement until 8 weeks (control) or 9 weeks (intervention) post-intervention; risky sexual behavior subsequently increased. Behavioral CTN trial participation was associated with decreased sexual risk behaviors in both the intervention and control trial conditions. Participation in behavioral substance use treatment may result in secondary benefits of sexual risk behavior reductions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Prevention Science Springer Journals

Impact of Behavioral Drug Abuse Treatment on Sexual Risk Behaviors: An Integrative Data Analysis of Eight Trials Conducted Within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Society for Prevention Research
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Health Psychology; Child and School Psychology
ISSN
1389-4986
eISSN
1573-6695
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11121-018-0913-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The extent to which behavioral drug abuse treatments affect sexual risk behaviors is largely unknown. This study examined the impact of behavioral drug abuse treatments on sexual risk behaviors using an integrative data analysis approach across eight trials conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). Participants (N = 1305) from eight randomized controlled trials who were sexually active at baseline were included in the pooled dataset; 48.7% were female, 64.1% self-identified as a racial/ethnic minority, with M (SD) age of 34.9 (9.6). Longitudinal logistic regression estimated the probability of risky sexual behavior (i.e., inconsistent condom use and/or > 1 sexual partner in past 30 days) post-intervention with an indicator variable (1 for post-intervention), study condition (control, intervention), and their interaction as predictors; the analysis employed random effects for each trial and included relevant control variables. Time-varying differences in effects based on weeks post-intervention were incorporated using interacted linear and quadratic terms with condition status. Approximately 84.2% reported risky sexual behaviors at baseline. The control and intervention conditions were 18.5 and 17.3 percentage points less likely to report risky sexual behavior post-intervention, respectively. Results suggest decreasing rates of risky sex engagement until 8 weeks (control) or 9 weeks (intervention) post-intervention; risky sexual behavior subsequently increased. Behavioral CTN trial participation was associated with decreased sexual risk behaviors in both the intervention and control trial conditions. Participation in behavioral substance use treatment may result in secondary benefits of sexual risk behavior reductions.

Journal

Prevention ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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