Immunolocalization of Lacrimal Gland PKC Isoforms. Effect of Phorbol Esters and Cholinergic Agonists on Their Cellular Distribution

Immunolocalization of Lacrimal Gland PKC Isoforms. Effect of Phorbol Esters and Cholinergic... In previous studies, we showed that lacrimal gland acini express three isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC): PKCα,-δ, and -ε. In the present study, we report the identification of two other PKC isoforms, namely PKCμ and -ι/λ. Using immunofluorescence techniques, we showed that these isoforms are differentially located. PKCα and -μ showed the most prominent membrane localization, whereas PKCδ, -ε and -ι/λ were mainly cytosolic. Using cell fractionation and western blotting techniques, we showed that the phorbol ester, phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PdBu, 10−6 m), translocated all PKC isoforms, except PKCι/λ, from the soluble fraction into the particulate fraction. The effect was maximum at 5 min and persisted at 10 min. PKCε was the most responsive to PdBu reaching almost maximal translocation at a PdBu concentration as low as 10−9 m. The cholinergic agonist, carbachol (10−5 and 10−3 m), induced translocation which was transient for PKCδ, and -μ, but persisted for 10 min for PKCε. Carbachol did not translocate PKCα and, like PdBu, did not translocate PKCι/λ. We concluded that lacrimal gland PKC isoforms are differentially localized and that they translocate differentially in response to phorbol esters and cholinergic agonists. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Immunolocalization of Lacrimal Gland PKC Isoforms. Effect of Phorbol Esters and Cholinergic Agonists on Their Cellular Distribution

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900226
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In previous studies, we showed that lacrimal gland acini express three isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC): PKCα,-δ, and -ε. In the present study, we report the identification of two other PKC isoforms, namely PKCμ and -ι/λ. Using immunofluorescence techniques, we showed that these isoforms are differentially located. PKCα and -μ showed the most prominent membrane localization, whereas PKCδ, -ε and -ι/λ were mainly cytosolic. Using cell fractionation and western blotting techniques, we showed that the phorbol ester, phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PdBu, 10−6 m), translocated all PKC isoforms, except PKCι/λ, from the soluble fraction into the particulate fraction. The effect was maximum at 5 min and persisted at 10 min. PKCε was the most responsive to PdBu reaching almost maximal translocation at a PdBu concentration as low as 10−9 m. The cholinergic agonist, carbachol (10−5 and 10−3 m), induced translocation which was transient for PKCδ, and -μ, but persisted for 10 min for PKCε. Carbachol did not translocate PKCα and, like PdBu, did not translocate PKCι/λ. We concluded that lacrimal gland PKC isoforms are differentially localized and that they translocate differentially in response to phorbol esters and cholinergic agonists.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 15, 1997

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