In previous studies, we showed that lacrimal gland acini express three isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC): PKCα,-δ, and -ε. In the present study, we report the identification of two other PKC isoforms, namely PKCμ and -ι/λ. Using immunofluorescence techniques, we showed that these isoforms are differentially located. PKCα and -μ showed the most prominent membrane localization, whereas PKCδ, -ε and -ι/λ were mainly cytosolic. Using cell fractionation and western blotting techniques, we showed that the phorbol ester, phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PdBu, 10−6 m), translocated all PKC isoforms, except PKCι/λ, from the soluble fraction into the particulate fraction. The effect was maximum at 5 min and persisted at 10 min. PKCε was the most responsive to PdBu reaching almost maximal translocation at a PdBu concentration as low as 10−9 m. The cholinergic agonist, carbachol (10−5 and 10−3 m), induced translocation which was transient for PKCδ, and -μ, but persisted for 10 min for PKCε. Carbachol did not translocate PKCα and, like PdBu, did not translocate PKCι/λ. We concluded that lacrimal gland PKC isoforms are differentially localized and that they translocate differentially in response to phorbol esters and cholinergic agonists.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 1997
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera