Illnesses Associated with Freshwater Recreation During International Travel

Illnesses Associated with Freshwater Recreation During International Travel Purpose of Review International travel, adventure travel, and eco-tourism are increasing over the past few decades. This review aims to summarize the spectrum of infections associated with recreational freshwater activities and international travel. Recent Findings Recreational water activities can be associated with a wide range of infections. Acute febrile illnesses due to leptospirosis and schistosomiasis are not uncommon in travelers following extensive freshwater exposure. Aeromonas and other water-associated pathogens are important to consider in a traveler presenting with a skin and soft tissue infection. Recreational water activities are often associated with diarrheal illnesses, especially in children, and the range of enteric pathogens includes bacterial pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Shigella species and the protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis. Infections due to free-living amebas though rare can lead to fulminant central nervous system infections. Summary A diverse range of infections may be associated with freshwater exposure, and it is important that these entities are considered in a returning traveler presenting with an acute illness. . . Keywords Recreational water illness International travel Freshwater exposure Introduction illness warrants careful consideration of the exposures during travel. Recreational water activities can result in a wide range International travel has steadily http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Infectious Disease Reports Springer Journals

Illnesses Associated with Freshwater Recreation During International Travel

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
1523-3847
eISSN
1534-3146
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11908-018-0623-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review International travel, adventure travel, and eco-tourism are increasing over the past few decades. This review aims to summarize the spectrum of infections associated with recreational freshwater activities and international travel. Recent Findings Recreational water activities can be associated with a wide range of infections. Acute febrile illnesses due to leptospirosis and schistosomiasis are not uncommon in travelers following extensive freshwater exposure. Aeromonas and other water-associated pathogens are important to consider in a traveler presenting with a skin and soft tissue infection. Recreational water activities are often associated with diarrheal illnesses, especially in children, and the range of enteric pathogens includes bacterial pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Shigella species and the protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis. Infections due to free-living amebas though rare can lead to fulminant central nervous system infections. Summary A diverse range of infections may be associated with freshwater exposure, and it is important that these entities are considered in a returning traveler presenting with an acute illness. . . Keywords Recreational water illness International travel Freshwater exposure Introduction illness warrants careful consideration of the exposures during travel. Recreational water activities can result in a wide range International travel has steadily

Journal

Current Infectious Disease ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 22, 2018

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