Identification of Three Cationic Amino Acid Transporters in Placental Trophoblast: Cloning, Expression, and Characterization of hCAT-1

Identification of Three Cationic Amino Acid Transporters in Placental Trophoblast: Cloning,... The concentrative transfer of amino acids from maternal to fetal blood is essential to fetal growth and metabolism. Cationic amino acids are transported across the placental microvillous and basal membranes by multiple pathways which act to mediate maternal/fetal transport. To identify the cationic amino acid transporters of human placenta, total RNA was harvested from cultured trophoblast and from the BeWo choriocarcinoma cell line, b30 clone, and used for reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Primers based on published sequences identified expression of mRNAs for hCATs-1, -2B, and -4. RT-PCR yielded a 2.1 kb hCAT-1 cDNA which was cloned. hCAT-1 cRNA injection into Xenopus laevis oocytes stimulated saturable lysine uptake (K m ∼100 μm). In the presence of Na+, uptake was inhibited by leucine, homoserine, and alanine but not by valine and glutamate. These transport characteristics are comparable to those of system y+ in placental basal membrane, but differ from those of the same system in microvillous membrane. The identification, cloning, and characterization of multiple human placental cationic amino acid transporters has the potential to facilitate molecular investigation of transport by the maternal- and fetal-facing membranes of placental trophoblast and increase understanding of the mechanism of transplacental amino acid transfer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Identification of Three Cationic Amino Acid Transporters in Placental Trophoblast: Cloning, Expression, and Characterization of hCAT-1

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-three-cationic-amino-acid-transporters-in-placental-hbeXUlChlQ
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900558
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The concentrative transfer of amino acids from maternal to fetal blood is essential to fetal growth and metabolism. Cationic amino acids are transported across the placental microvillous and basal membranes by multiple pathways which act to mediate maternal/fetal transport. To identify the cationic amino acid transporters of human placenta, total RNA was harvested from cultured trophoblast and from the BeWo choriocarcinoma cell line, b30 clone, and used for reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Primers based on published sequences identified expression of mRNAs for hCATs-1, -2B, and -4. RT-PCR yielded a 2.1 kb hCAT-1 cDNA which was cloned. hCAT-1 cRNA injection into Xenopus laevis oocytes stimulated saturable lysine uptake (K m ∼100 μm). In the presence of Na+, uptake was inhibited by leucine, homoserine, and alanine but not by valine and glutamate. These transport characteristics are comparable to those of system y+ in placental basal membrane, but differ from those of the same system in microvillous membrane. The identification, cloning, and characterization of multiple human placental cationic amino acid transporters has the potential to facilitate molecular investigation of transport by the maternal- and fetal-facing membranes of placental trophoblast and increase understanding of the mechanism of transplacental amino acid transfer.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off