RCD1 is a member of the plant-specific SRO protein family. Several SRO genes have been functionally identified in the regulation of abiotic stresses in Arabidopsis and other plant species. However, the function of SROs is largely unknown in apple (Malus×domestica). In this study, six MdSRO-encoding genes were isolated, categorized into two types and mapped to six chromosomes. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the sequences of the AtSRO and MdSRO proteins are highly conserved. Subsequently, expression analysis showed that MdSRO genes had different expression profiles in different tissues and in response to various stresses. Finally, MdRCD1 was isolated for functional identification. The results showed that resistance to oxidation stress in apple calli was enhanced by MdRCD1 overexpression and weakened by MdRCD1 suppression. MdRCD1 also played a crucial role in the regulation of ROS homeostasis in transgenic apple calli and Arabidopsis. Ectopic expression of MdRCD1 significantly enhanced resistance to salt and oxidative stresses in transgenic lines. In addition, MdRCD1 also enhanced drought tolerance due to its influence on stomatal opening. Based on these results, we conclude that MdRCD1 is an important regulator in abiotic stress response.
Tree Genetics & Genomes – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 12, 2017
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