Identification of the pocket factors in a picornavirus

Identification of the pocket factors in a picornavirus Bovine enterovirus (BEV), along with other enteroviruses and the rhinoviruses, has a hydrophobic pocket within structural protein VP1. In the crystal structures of these viruses there is electron density commensurate with a non-protein molecule within the pocket. These molecules, termed pocket factors, have been shown to stabilise the capsid and their removal from the pocket is a necessary prerequisite to uncoating. The pocket factors have been proposed, from the electron densities and uncoating studies, to be short chain fatty acids. In order to identify the pocket factor of BEV, we have grown and purified the virus in an identical manner to that used for the crystal structure determination and have performed a lipophilic extraction. Palmitic acid, C 16:0 , was the most abundant accounting for 40.8% by mass of the lipophilic extract (39.3 mol%). Myristic acid C 14:0 , was next most abundant at 18.5% by mass (20.0 mol%). In addition, we have identified other fatty acids in smaller proportions. We have therefore shown that BEV contains saturated fatty acid pocket factors of varying chain length. We have also compared the profile of the fatty acyl chain composition of BEV with those for uninfected BHK-21 cell plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum extracts. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Identification of the pocket factors in a picornavirus

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial