The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat is an animal model for obese-type, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in humans. We have previously identified 11 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) responsible for NIDDM susceptibility on Chromosomes (Chrs) 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, and 16 (Nidd1–11/of for Non-insulin-dependent diabetes1–11/oletf) by using the interval mapping method in 160 F2 progenies obtained by mating the OLETF and the Fischer-344 (F344) rats. MQM-mapping, which was applied for QTL analysis based on multiple-QTL models, is reported to be more powerful than interval mapping, because in the process of mapping one QTL the genetic background, which contains the other QTLs, is controlled. Application of MQM-mapping in the F2 intercrosses has led to a revelation of three novel QTLs on rat Chrs 5 (Nidd12/of), 7 (Nidd13/of), and 17 (Nidd14/of), in addition to Nidd1–11/of loci. The three QTLs, together with the Nidd1–11/of, account for a total of ∼70% and ∼85% of the genetic variance of the fasting and postprandial glucose levels, respectively, in the F2. While the OLETF allele corresponds with increased glucose levels as expected for Nidd12 and 14/of, the Nidd13/of exhibits heterosis: heterozygotes showing significantly higher glucose levels than OLETF or F344 homozygotes. There is epistatic interaction between Nidd2 and 14/of. Additionally, our results indicated that the novel QTLs could show no linkage with body weight, but Nidd12/of has an interaction with body weight.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 10, 2014
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