The influence of thermal stress on the association between human erythrocyte membranes and cytosolic proteins was studied by exposing erythrocyte suspensions and whole blood to different elevated temperatures. Membranes and cytosolic proteins from unheated and heat-stressed erythrocytes were analyzed by electrophoresis, followed by mass spectrometric identification. Four major (carbonic anhydrase I, carbonic anhydrase II, peroxiredoxin VI, flavin reductase) and some minor (heat shock protein 90α, heat shock protein 70, α-enolase, peptidylprolyl cis–trans isomerase A) cytosolic proteins were found to be associated with the erythrocyte membrane in response to in vitro thermal stress. Unlike the above proteins, catalase and peroxiredoxin II were associated with membranes from unheated erythrocytes, and their content increased in the membrane following heat stress. The heat-induced association of cytosolic proteins was restricted to the Triton shells (membrane skeleton/cytoskeleton). Similar results were observed when Triton shells derived from unheated erythrocyte membranes were incubated with an unheated erythrocyte cytosolic fraction at elevated temperatures. This is a first report on the association of cytosolic catalase, α-enolase, peroxiredoxin VI, peroxiredoxin II and peptidylprolyl cis–trans isomerase A to the membrane or membrane skeleton of erythrocytes under heat stress. From these results, it is concluded that specific cytosolic proteins are translocated to the membrane in human erythrocytes exposed to heat stress and they may play a novel role as erythrocyte membrane protectors under stress by stabilizing the membrane skeleton through their interactions with skeletal proteins.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 18, 2013
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