Identification of cellulose synthase AtCesA7 (IRX3) in vivo phosphorylation sites—a potential role in regulating protein degradation

Identification of cellulose synthase AtCesA7 (IRX3) in vivo phosphorylation sites—a potential... Cellulose is central to plant development and is synthesised at the plasma membrane by an organised protein complex that contains three different cellulose synthase proteins. The ordered assembly of these three catalytic subunits is essential for normal cellulose synthesis. The way in which the relative levels of these three proteins are regulated within the cell is currently unknown. In this work it is shown that one of the cellulose synthases essential for secondary cell wall cellulose synthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana, AtCesA7, is phosphorylated in vivo. Analysis of in vivo phosphorylation sites by mass spectrometry reveals that two serine residues are phosphorylated. These residues occur in a region of hyper-variability between the cellulose synthase catalytic subunits. The region of the protein containing these phosphorylation sites can be phosphorylated by a plant extract in vitro. Incubation of this region with plant extracts results in its degradation via a proteasome dependant pathway. Full length endogenous CesA7 is also degraded via a proteasome dependant pathway in whole plant extracts. This data suggests that phosphorylation of the catalytic subunits may target them for degradation via a proteasome dependant pathway. This is a possible mechanism by which plants regulate the relative levels of the three proteins whose specific interaction are required to form an active cellulose synthase complex. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Identification of cellulose synthase AtCesA7 (IRX3) in vivo phosphorylation sites—a potential role in regulating protein degradation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-cellulose-synthase-atcesa7-irx3-in-vivo-h3wUUwDx8z
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-007-9142-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cellulose is central to plant development and is synthesised at the plasma membrane by an organised protein complex that contains three different cellulose synthase proteins. The ordered assembly of these three catalytic subunits is essential for normal cellulose synthesis. The way in which the relative levels of these three proteins are regulated within the cell is currently unknown. In this work it is shown that one of the cellulose synthases essential for secondary cell wall cellulose synthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana, AtCesA7, is phosphorylated in vivo. Analysis of in vivo phosphorylation sites by mass spectrometry reveals that two serine residues are phosphorylated. These residues occur in a region of hyper-variability between the cellulose synthase catalytic subunits. The region of the protein containing these phosphorylation sites can be phosphorylated by a plant extract in vitro. Incubation of this region with plant extracts results in its degradation via a proteasome dependant pathway. Full length endogenous CesA7 is also degraded via a proteasome dependant pathway in whole plant extracts. This data suggests that phosphorylation of the catalytic subunits may target them for degradation via a proteasome dependant pathway. This is a possible mechanism by which plants regulate the relative levels of the three proteins whose specific interaction are required to form an active cellulose synthase complex.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 16, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off