Identification of candidate CBF genes for the frost tolerance locus Fr-A m 2 in Triticum monococcum

Identification of candidate CBF genes for the frost tolerance locus Fr-A m 2 in Triticum... A cluster of eleven CBF genes was recently mapped to the Frost resistance-2 (Fr-A m 2) locus on chromosome 5 of diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum) using a cross between frost tolerant accession G3116 and frost sensitive DV92. The Fr-A m 2 locus was mapped at the peak of two overlapping quantitative trait loci (QTL), one for frost survival and the other for differential expression of the cold regulated gene COR14b. Seven lines with recombination events within the CBF cluster were used to identify CBF candidate genes for these QTL. The lines carrying the critical recombination events were tested for whole plant frost survival and for differential transcript levels of cold induced COR14b and DHN5 genes. The strongest effect for these traits was associated to the linked TmCBF12, TmCBF14 and TmCBF15 genes, with the G3116 allele conferring improved frost tolerance and higher levels of COR14b and DHN5 transcript at mild cold temperatures (12–15°C) than the DV92 allele. Comparison of CBF protein sequences revealed that the DV92 TmCBF12 protein contains a deletion of five amino acids in the AP2 DNA binding domain. Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assays (EMSA) confirmed that the protein encoded by this allele cannot bind to the CRT/DRE (C-repeat/dehydration-responsive element) motif present in the promoters of several cold induced genes. A smaller effect on frost tolerance was mapped to the distal group of CBF genes including TmCBF16. Transcript levels of TmCBF16, as well as those of TmCBF12 and TmCBF15 were up-regulated at mild cold temperatures in G3116 but not in DV92. Higher threshold induction temperatures can result in earlier initiation of the cold acclimation process and better resistance to subsequent freezing temperatures. The non-functional TmCBF12 allele in DV92 can also contribute to its lower frost tolerance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Identification of candidate CBF genes for the frost tolerance locus Fr-A m 2 in Triticum monococcum

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-candidate-cbf-genes-for-the-frost-tolerance-locus-fr-0AyeQvkoqC
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-008-9316-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A cluster of eleven CBF genes was recently mapped to the Frost resistance-2 (Fr-A m 2) locus on chromosome 5 of diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum) using a cross between frost tolerant accession G3116 and frost sensitive DV92. The Fr-A m 2 locus was mapped at the peak of two overlapping quantitative trait loci (QTL), one for frost survival and the other for differential expression of the cold regulated gene COR14b. Seven lines with recombination events within the CBF cluster were used to identify CBF candidate genes for these QTL. The lines carrying the critical recombination events were tested for whole plant frost survival and for differential transcript levels of cold induced COR14b and DHN5 genes. The strongest effect for these traits was associated to the linked TmCBF12, TmCBF14 and TmCBF15 genes, with the G3116 allele conferring improved frost tolerance and higher levels of COR14b and DHN5 transcript at mild cold temperatures (12–15°C) than the DV92 allele. Comparison of CBF protein sequences revealed that the DV92 TmCBF12 protein contains a deletion of five amino acids in the AP2 DNA binding domain. Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assays (EMSA) confirmed that the protein encoded by this allele cannot bind to the CRT/DRE (C-repeat/dehydration-responsive element) motif present in the promoters of several cold induced genes. A smaller effect on frost tolerance was mapped to the distal group of CBF genes including TmCBF16. Transcript levels of TmCBF16, as well as those of TmCBF12 and TmCBF15 were up-regulated at mild cold temperatures in G3116 but not in DV92. Higher threshold induction temperatures can result in earlier initiation of the cold acclimation process and better resistance to subsequent freezing temperatures. The non-functional TmCBF12 allele in DV92 can also contribute to its lower frost tolerance.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 4, 2008

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off