Identification of brain proteins BASP1 and GAP-43 in mouse oocytes and zygotes

Identification of brain proteins BASP1 and GAP-43 in mouse oocytes and zygotes The similarity between the calcium-activated signaling systems of oocytes and neuronal axon terminals has prompted us to test whether BASP1 and GAP-43 proteins, highly expressed in brain neurons, are present in oocytes. Using immunocytochemical techniques combined with confocal microscopy, we have for the first time demonstrated that both BASP1 and GAP-43 are present in mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes and zygotes. BASP1 is localized to the plasma membrane and actin cortex of MII oocytes, which is similar to BASP1 distribution in neurons and other cell types. GAP-43 is generally regarded as a postmitotic membrane marker of nerve cells; however, GAP-43 in MII oocytes is associated with microtubules of the meiotic spindle. GAP-43 is also colocalized with γ-tubulin at the spindle poles (centrosomes) and at the discrete microtubule- organizing centers in the cytoplasm. The antibodies to Ser41-phosphorylated form of GAP-43 allowed for demonstration that GAP-43 in oocytes is subject to phosphorylation by protein kinase C. The presence of BASP1 and GAP-43 in oocytes is also confirmed by electrophoresis and western blotting. Microinjection of BASP1 (but not GAP-43) into the cytoplasm of mouse MII oocytes induces their exit from metaphase II arrest followed by parthenogenetic embryo development. This suggests putative BASP1 involvement in fertilization-induced oocyte activation, presumably, through regulation of local concentration of polyphosphoinositides in the plasma membrane. Recently it was found that GAP-43 is associated with centrosomes in asymmetrically dividing neuronal progenitors, which is similar to the localization of GAP-43 at the meiotic spindle and centrosomes in oocytes. Therefore we suggest that GAP-43 may be involved in regulation of spindle orientation and oocyte polarity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Identification of brain proteins BASP1 and GAP-43 in mouse oocytes and zygotes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-brain-proteins-basp1-and-gap-43-in-mouse-oocytes-and-k04CM74M50
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360417030110
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The similarity between the calcium-activated signaling systems of oocytes and neuronal axon terminals has prompted us to test whether BASP1 and GAP-43 proteins, highly expressed in brain neurons, are present in oocytes. Using immunocytochemical techniques combined with confocal microscopy, we have for the first time demonstrated that both BASP1 and GAP-43 are present in mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes and zygotes. BASP1 is localized to the plasma membrane and actin cortex of MII oocytes, which is similar to BASP1 distribution in neurons and other cell types. GAP-43 is generally regarded as a postmitotic membrane marker of nerve cells; however, GAP-43 in MII oocytes is associated with microtubules of the meiotic spindle. GAP-43 is also colocalized with γ-tubulin at the spindle poles (centrosomes) and at the discrete microtubule- organizing centers in the cytoplasm. The antibodies to Ser41-phosphorylated form of GAP-43 allowed for demonstration that GAP-43 in oocytes is subject to phosphorylation by protein kinase C. The presence of BASP1 and GAP-43 in oocytes is also confirmed by electrophoresis and western blotting. Microinjection of BASP1 (but not GAP-43) into the cytoplasm of mouse MII oocytes induces their exit from metaphase II arrest followed by parthenogenetic embryo development. This suggests putative BASP1 involvement in fertilization-induced oocyte activation, presumably, through regulation of local concentration of polyphosphoinositides in the plasma membrane. Recently it was found that GAP-43 is associated with centrosomes in asymmetrically dividing neuronal progenitors, which is similar to the localization of GAP-43 at the meiotic spindle and centrosomes in oocytes. Therefore we suggest that GAP-43 may be involved in regulation of spindle orientation and oocyte polarity.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off