Identification of Aspergillus fumigatus UDP-Galactopyranose Mutase Inhibitors

Identification of Aspergillus fumigatus UDP-Galactopyranose Mutase Inhibitors Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic human pathogen responsible for deadly, invasive infections in immunocompromised patients. The A. fumigatus cell wall is a complex network of polysaccharides among them galactofuran, which is absent in humans. UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) catalyzes the conversion of UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf) to UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) and is an important virulence factor. UGM is a flavin-dependent enzyme that requires the reduced flavin for activity; flavin reduction is achieved by reaction with NADPH. The aim of this work was to discover inhibitors of UGM by targeting the NADPH binding site using an ADP-TAMRA probe in a high-throughput screening assay. The flavonoids (2S)-hesperetin and (2S)-naringenin were validated as competitive inhibitors of UGM against NADPH with Ki values of 6 µM and 74 µM, respectively. To gain insight into the active chemical substituents involved in the inhibition of UGM, several derivatives of these inhibitors were studied. The results show that the hydroxyl groups of (2S)-hesperetin are important for inhibition, in particular the phenyl-chroman moiety. Congo red susceptibility assay and growth temperature effects showed that these compounds affected cell wall biosynthesis in A. fumigatus. This work is the first report of inhibition studies on UGM from eukaryotic human pathogens. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Identification of Aspergillus fumigatus UDP-Galactopyranose Mutase Inhibitors

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-udp-galactopyranose-mutase-0V2nuPg3zP
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-017-11022-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic human pathogen responsible for deadly, invasive infections in immunocompromised patients. The A. fumigatus cell wall is a complex network of polysaccharides among them galactofuran, which is absent in humans. UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) catalyzes the conversion of UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf) to UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) and is an important virulence factor. UGM is a flavin-dependent enzyme that requires the reduced flavin for activity; flavin reduction is achieved by reaction with NADPH. The aim of this work was to discover inhibitors of UGM by targeting the NADPH binding site using an ADP-TAMRA probe in a high-throughput screening assay. The flavonoids (2S)-hesperetin and (2S)-naringenin were validated as competitive inhibitors of UGM against NADPH with Ki values of 6 µM and 74 µM, respectively. To gain insight into the active chemical substituents involved in the inhibition of UGM, several derivatives of these inhibitors were studied. The results show that the hydroxyl groups of (2S)-hesperetin are important for inhibition, in particular the phenyl-chroman moiety. Congo red susceptibility assay and growth temperature effects showed that these compounds affected cell wall biosynthesis in A. fumigatus. This work is the first report of inhibition studies on UGM from eukaryotic human pathogens.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 7, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off