Identification of a soybean chloroplast DNA replication origin-binding protein

Identification of a soybean chloroplast DNA replication origin-binding protein Replication of chloroplast DNA (ctDNA) in several plants and in Chlamydomonas reinhardii has been shown to occur by a double displacement loop (D-loop) mechanism and potentially also by a rolling circle mechanism. D-loop replication origins have been mapped in several species. Minimal replication origin sequences used as probes identified two potential binding proteins by southwestern blot analysis. A 28 kDa (apparent molecular weight by SDS–PAGE analysis) soybean protein has been isolated by origin sequence-specific DNA affinity chromatography from total chloroplast proteins. Mass spectrometry analysis identified this protein as the product of the soybean C6SY33 gene (accession number ACU14156), which is annotated as encoding a putative uncharacterized protein with a molecular weight of 25,897 Da, very near the observed molecular weight of the purified protein based on gel electrophoresis. Western blot analysis using an antibody against a homologous Arabidopsis protein indicates that this soybean protein is localized specifically in chloroplasts. The soybean protein shares some homology within a single-stranded DNA binding (SSB) domain of E. coli SSB and an Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial-localized SSB of about 21 kDa (mtSSB). However, the soybean protein induces a specific electrophoretic mobility shift only when incubated with a double-stranded fragment containing the previously mapped ctDNA replication oriA region. This protein has no electrophoretic mobility shift activity when incubated with single-stranded DNA. In contrast, the Arabidopsis mtSSB causes a mobility shift only with single-stranded DNA but not with the oriA fragment or with control dsDNA of unrelated sequence. These results suggest that the 26 kDa soybean protein is a specific origin binding protein that may be involved in initiation of ctDNA replication. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Identification of a soybean chloroplast DNA replication origin-binding protein

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-of-a-soybean-chloroplast-dna-replication-origin-binding-nOjyp8IKlT
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences ; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-011-9736-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Replication of chloroplast DNA (ctDNA) in several plants and in Chlamydomonas reinhardii has been shown to occur by a double displacement loop (D-loop) mechanism and potentially also by a rolling circle mechanism. D-loop replication origins have been mapped in several species. Minimal replication origin sequences used as probes identified two potential binding proteins by southwestern blot analysis. A 28 kDa (apparent molecular weight by SDS–PAGE analysis) soybean protein has been isolated by origin sequence-specific DNA affinity chromatography from total chloroplast proteins. Mass spectrometry analysis identified this protein as the product of the soybean C6SY33 gene (accession number ACU14156), which is annotated as encoding a putative uncharacterized protein with a molecular weight of 25,897 Da, very near the observed molecular weight of the purified protein based on gel electrophoresis. Western blot analysis using an antibody against a homologous Arabidopsis protein indicates that this soybean protein is localized specifically in chloroplasts. The soybean protein shares some homology within a single-stranded DNA binding (SSB) domain of E. coli SSB and an Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial-localized SSB of about 21 kDa (mtSSB). However, the soybean protein induces a specific electrophoretic mobility shift only when incubated with a double-stranded fragment containing the previously mapped ctDNA replication oriA region. This protein has no electrophoretic mobility shift activity when incubated with single-stranded DNA. In contrast, the Arabidopsis mtSSB causes a mobility shift only with single-stranded DNA but not with the oriA fragment or with control dsDNA of unrelated sequence. These results suggest that the 26 kDa soybean protein is a specific origin binding protein that may be involved in initiation of ctDNA replication.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 25, 2011

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off