Chemical inhibition of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (mtETC) by antimycin A (AA) or the TCA cycle by monofluoroacetate (MFA) causes increased expression of nucleus-encoded alternative oxidase (AOX) genes in plants. In order to better understand the mechanisms of this mitochondrial retrograde regulation (MRR) of gene expression, constructs containing deleted and mutated versions of a promoter region of the Arabidopsis thaliana AOX1a gene (AtAOX1a) controlling expression of the coding region of the enhanced firefly luciferase gene were employed to identify regions of the AtAOX1a promoter important for induction in response to mtETC or TCA cycle inhibition. Transient transformation coupled with in vitro and in vivo assays as well as plants containing transgenes with truncated promoter regions were used to identify a 93 base pair portion of the promoter, termed the MRR region, that was necessary for induction. Further mutational analyses showed that most of the 93 bp MRR region is important for both AA and MFA induction. Sub-regions within the MRR region that are especially important for strong induction by both AA or MFA were identified. Specific mutations in a W-box and Dof motifs in the MRR region indicate that these specific motifs are not important for induction. Recent evidence suggests that MRR of AOX genes following inhibition of the mtETC is via a separate signaling pathway from MRR resulting from metabolic shifts, such as those that result from MFA treatment. Our data suggest that these signaling pathways share regulatory regions in the AtAOX1a promoter. Arabidopsis proteins interacted specifically with a probe containing the MRR region, as shown by electrophoretic mobility shift assays and Southwestern blotting. These interactions were eliminated under reducing conditions.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 23, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera