The Mus musculus eosinophil-associated ribonuclease (mEar) gene cluster includes multiple distinct coding sequences that are highly divergent orthologs of the human eosinophil ribonucleases, eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN/RNase 2) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP/RNase 3). We present a transcriptional analysis of the gene encoding mEar 2, the only member of this cluster with a well-defined expression profile. In this work, we demonstrate that the presence of non-coding exon 1 and the intron in tandem with a 361-bp 5′ promoter of mEar 2 results in enhanced reporter gene expression, as much as 6- to 10-fold over the activity observed with the 5′ promoter alone. We have identified a conserved purine-rich element in the intron of the mEar 2 gene that is necessary for maximum transcription and that interacts specifically with NFAT-binding proteins in nuclear extracts derived from the mouse LA4 epithelial cell line. Similar intronic enhancers have been described as regulating transcription of the human EDN gene, suggesting an overall conservation of an important regulatory strategy.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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