One of the key factors that limit accuracy of particle image velocimetry (PIV) is the peak-locking effect. In this paper, a previously uncharacterised source of peak locking is presented. This source is neither related to the sensor geometry nor the subpixel resolution peak-fitting algorithms. It is present even when the particles are well described in terms of sensor spatial resolution (i.e. for particle diameters larger than 2 pixels). If no specific actions to avoid it are taken, its effect is especially important in those super-resolution systems that are based on iteratively reducing the size of the interrogation window. In this work, the mentioned source and its effects are studied and modelled. Based on this study, the actions required to avoid this type of peak locking are described. This includes the most usual correlation-based PIV systems, as well as super-resolution ones. Once this source of inaccuracy is avoided, it is possible to discriminate the performance of different types of correlation algorithms. As a consequence, specific proposals for the algorithms in the last steps of multigrid super-resolution PIV systems are given. The performances of the proposed solutions are verified using both synthetic and real PIV images.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 6, 2001
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