The scavenger receptor (SR) family comprises a group of cell surface proteins functionally defined by their ability to bind chemically modified lipoproteins. In macrophages, the class A Type I and Type II SRs (SR-AI/II) are thought to play a key role in adherence to and phagocytosis of infectious agents. Immunoprecipitation studies show that the rat anti-SR-AI/II monoclonal antibody 2F8 detects the mature, trimeric form of the receptor expressed in peritoneal macrophages from A/J, but not from C57Bl/6J (B6) mice. Subsequent sequencing of cDNA and genomic clones indicates that SR-AI and AII of A/J and B6 mice differ in sequence at nine positions, two in the cytoplasmic domain and seven in the extracellular spacer and α-helical coiled coil domains. These sequence polymorphisms are non-conservative and produce distinct receptor molecules that differ by four charged residues and alter recognition of the receptor by the monoclonal 2F8 antibody. The B6 SR-AI/II haplotype appears unique, since most inbred strains analyzed show the A/J-type haplotype. Interestingly, several of the B6 polymorphic variant residues are conserved in human and bovine receptors, suggesting a recent divergence of the A/J haplotype. Initial studies in CHO-derived cells expressing individual receptor isoforms indicate that the A/J and B6 receptors are stable and can mature into oligomers expressed in the membrane fractions of these cells. In these transfectants, no major functional differences were detected between receptors of the two haplotypes with respect to internalization and degradation of 125I-labeled acetylated LDL. However, since SR-AI/II recognizes a large number of structurally unrelated anionic molecules, the possibility that different haplotypes may affect either binding and release of other ligands, or receptor recycling, cannot be excluded.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 13, 2014
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