The fraction of heat-stable dehydrins cytosolic proteins from mature recalcitrant seeds of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) was studied in the period of their dormancy and germination in order to identify and characterize stress-induced dehydrin-like polypeptides. In our experiments, in tissues of dormant seeds, dehydrin was identifies by immunoblotting as a single bright band with a mol wt of about 50 kD. Low-molecular-weight heat-stable proteins with mol wts of 25 kD and below 16 kD, which were abundant in this fraction, did not cross-react with the antibody. Dehydrin was detected in all parts of the embryo: in the cells of axial organs, cotyledon storage parenchyma, and petioles of cotyledonary leaves. This indicates the absence of tissue-specificity in distribution of these proteins in the horse chestnut seeds. Dehydrins were detected among heat-stable proteins during the entire period of stratification and also radicle emersion. During radicle emergence, not only the fraction of heat-stable proteins was reduced but also the proportion of dehydrins in it decreased. In vitro germination of axes excised at different terms of stratification also resulted in dehydrin disappearance. When growth of excised axes was retarded by treatments with ABA, cycloheximide, or α-amanitin, dehydrins did not disappeared from the fraction of heat-stable proteins. When excised axes were germinated in vitro in the presence of compounds, which did not affect their growth or stimulated it (dehydrozeatin, glucose), this resulted in dehydrin disappearance. This means that dehydrin metabolism is closely related to the process of germination. Dehydrin in the horse chestnut seeds could cross-react with the antibody against ubiquitin, which can indicate the involvement of ubiquitination in the process of dehydrin degradation during germination via the proteasome system. The analysis of total proteins of the homogenate from horse chestnut seeds revealed, along with a 50-kD heat-stable dehydrin, one more component with a mol wt of 80 kD, which was located in the fraction of heat-sensitive proteins and was named as a dehydrin-like protein. It was demonstrated that dehydrins in horse chestnut seeds represented only a very small fraction of heat-stable cytosolic proteins. The role and function of major heat-stable proteins in horse chestnut seeds are yet to be studied.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 31, 2010
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