Identification and characterization of AtCASP, a plant transmembrane Golgi matrix protein

Identification and characterization of AtCASP, a plant transmembrane Golgi matrix protein Golgins are a family of coiled-coil proteins that are associated with the Golgi apparatus. They are necessary for tethering events in membrane fusion and may act as structural support for Golgi cisternae. Here we report on the identification of an Arabidopsis golgin which is a homologue of CASP, a known transmembrane mammalian and yeast golgin. Similar to its homologues, the plant CASP contains a long N-terminal coiled-coil region protruding into the cytosol and a C-terminal transmembrane domain with amino acid residues which are highly conserved across species. Through fluorescent protein tagging experiments, we show that plant CASP localizes at the plant Golgi apparatus and that the C-terminus of this protein is sufficient for its localization, as has been shown for its mammalian counterpart. In addition, we demonstrate that the plant CASP is able to localize at the mammalian Golgi apparatus. However, mutagenesis of a conserved tyrosine in the transmembrane domain revealed that it is necessary for ER export and Golgi localization of the Arabidopsis CASP in mammalian cells, but is not required for its correct localization in plant cells. These data suggest that mammalian and plant cells have different mechanisms for concentrating CASP in the Golgi apparatus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Identification and characterization of AtCASP, a plant transmembrane Golgi matrix protein

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-4618-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Golgins are a family of coiled-coil proteins that are associated with the Golgi apparatus. They are necessary for tethering events in membrane fusion and may act as structural support for Golgi cisternae. Here we report on the identification of an Arabidopsis golgin which is a homologue of CASP, a known transmembrane mammalian and yeast golgin. Similar to its homologues, the plant CASP contains a long N-terminal coiled-coil region protruding into the cytosol and a C-terminal transmembrane domain with amino acid residues which are highly conserved across species. Through fluorescent protein tagging experiments, we show that plant CASP localizes at the plant Golgi apparatus and that the C-terminus of this protein is sufficient for its localization, as has been shown for its mammalian counterpart. In addition, we demonstrate that the plant CASP is able to localize at the mammalian Golgi apparatus. However, mutagenesis of a conserved tyrosine in the transmembrane domain revealed that it is necessary for ER export and Golgi localization of the Arabidopsis CASP in mammalian cells, but is not required for its correct localization in plant cells. These data suggest that mammalian and plant cells have different mechanisms for concentrating CASP in the Golgi apparatus.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 29, 2005

References

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