Identification and Characterisation of the α and β Subunits of Succinyl CoA Ligase of Tomato

Identification and Characterisation of the α and β Subunits of Succinyl CoA Ligase of Tomato Despite the central importance of the TCA cycle in plant metabolism not all of the genes encoding its constituent enzymes have been functionally identified. In yeast, the heterodimeric protein succinyl CoA ligase is encoded for by two single-copy genes. Here we report the isolation of two tomato cDNAs coding for α- and one coding for the β-subunit of succinyl CoA ligase. These three cDNAs were used to complement the respective Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants deficient in the α- and β-subunit, demonstrating that they encode functionally active polypeptides. The genes encoding for the subunits were expressed in all tissues, but most strongly in floral and leaf tissues, with equivalent expression of the two α-subunit genes being expressed to equivalent levels in all tissues. In all instances GFP fusion expression studies confirmed an expected mitochondrial location of the proteins encoded. Following the development of a novel assay to measure succinyl CoA ligase activity, in the direction of succinate formation, the evaluation of the maximal catalytic activities of the enzyme in a range of tissues revealed that these paralleled those of mRNA levels. We also utilized this assay to perform a preliminary characterisation of the regulatory properties of the enzyme suggesting allosteric control of this enzyme which may regulate flux through the TCA cycle in a manner consistent with its position therein. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Identification and Characterisation of the α and β Subunits of Succinyl CoA Ligase of Tomato

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/identification-and-characterisation-of-the-and-subunits-of-succinyl-FbHMMc4avH
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-1004-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite the central importance of the TCA cycle in plant metabolism not all of the genes encoding its constituent enzymes have been functionally identified. In yeast, the heterodimeric protein succinyl CoA ligase is encoded for by two single-copy genes. Here we report the isolation of two tomato cDNAs coding for α- and one coding for the β-subunit of succinyl CoA ligase. These three cDNAs were used to complement the respective Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants deficient in the α- and β-subunit, demonstrating that they encode functionally active polypeptides. The genes encoding for the subunits were expressed in all tissues, but most strongly in floral and leaf tissues, with equivalent expression of the two α-subunit genes being expressed to equivalent levels in all tissues. In all instances GFP fusion expression studies confirmed an expected mitochondrial location of the proteins encoded. Following the development of a novel assay to measure succinyl CoA ligase activity, in the direction of succinate formation, the evaluation of the maximal catalytic activities of the enzyme in a range of tissues revealed that these paralleled those of mRNA levels. We also utilized this assay to perform a preliminary characterisation of the regulatory properties of the enzyme suggesting allosteric control of this enzyme which may regulate flux through the TCA cycle in a manner consistent with its position therein.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 18, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off