Ibrutinib versus previous standard of care: an adjusted comparison in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

Ibrutinib versus previous standard of care: an adjusted comparison in patients with... This study explored the relative efficacy of ibrutinib versus previous standard-of-care treatments in relapsed/refractory patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), using multivariate regression modelling to adjust for baseline prognostic factors. Individual patient data were collected from an observational Stockholm cohort of consecutive patients (n = 144) diagnosed with CLL between 2002 and 2013 who had received at least second-line treatment. Data were compared with results of the RESONATE clinical trial. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used which estimated the hazard ratio (HR) of ibrutinib versus previous standard of care. The adjusted HR of ibrutinib versus the previous standard-of-care cohort was 0.15 (p < 0.0001) for progression-free survival (PFS) and 0.36 (p < 0.0001) for overall survival (OS). A similar difference was observed also when patients treated late in the period (2012-) were compared separately. Multivariate analysis showed that later line of therapy, male gender, older age and poor performance status were significant independent risk factors for worse PFS and OS. Our results suggest that PFS and OS with ibrutinib in the RESONATE study were significantly longer than with previous standard-of-care regimens used in second or later lines in routine healthcare. The approach used, which must be interpreted with caution, compares patient-level data from a clinical trial with outcomes observed in a daily clinical practice and may complement results from randomised trials or provide preliminary wider comparative information until phase 3 data exist. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Hematology Springer Journals

Ibrutinib versus previous standard of care: an adjusted comparison in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Hematology; Oncology
ISSN
0939-5555
eISSN
1432-0584
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00277-017-3061-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study explored the relative efficacy of ibrutinib versus previous standard-of-care treatments in relapsed/refractory patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), using multivariate regression modelling to adjust for baseline prognostic factors. Individual patient data were collected from an observational Stockholm cohort of consecutive patients (n = 144) diagnosed with CLL between 2002 and 2013 who had received at least second-line treatment. Data were compared with results of the RESONATE clinical trial. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used which estimated the hazard ratio (HR) of ibrutinib versus previous standard of care. The adjusted HR of ibrutinib versus the previous standard-of-care cohort was 0.15 (p < 0.0001) for progression-free survival (PFS) and 0.36 (p < 0.0001) for overall survival (OS). A similar difference was observed also when patients treated late in the period (2012-) were compared separately. Multivariate analysis showed that later line of therapy, male gender, older age and poor performance status were significant independent risk factors for worse PFS and OS. Our results suggest that PFS and OS with ibrutinib in the RESONATE study were significantly longer than with previous standard-of-care regimens used in second or later lines in routine healthcare. The approach used, which must be interpreted with caution, compares patient-level data from a clinical trial with outcomes observed in a daily clinical practice and may complement results from randomised trials or provide preliminary wider comparative information until phase 3 data exist.

Journal

Annals of HematologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 31, 2017

References

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