Hypomethylation of functional retrotransposon-derived genes in the human placenta

Hypomethylation of functional retrotransposon-derived genes in the human placenta DNA hypomethylation is assumed to be a feature of the mammalian placenta; however, its role in regulating placental gene expression is not well defined. In this study, MeDIP and Sequenom MassARRAY were used to identify hypomethylated gene promoters in the human placenta. Among the genes identified, the hypomethylation of an alternative promoter for KCNH5 was found to be restricted to the placenta and chorion. Complete methylation of this promoter correlates with a silenced KCNH5 transcript in embryonic tissues, including the amnion. Unusually, this hypomethylated promoter and the alternative first exon are derived from a SINE (AluY) retrotransposon. Examination of additional retrotransposon-derived gene promoters in the placenta confirmed that retrotransposon hypomethylation permits the placenta-specific expression of these genes. Furthermore, the lineage-specific methylation displayed by KCNH5, INSL4, and ERVWE1 revealed that dichotomous methylation establishes differential retrotransposon silencing between the extra-embryonic and embryonic lineages. The hypomethylation of the retrotransposons that regulate these genes, each of which arose during recent primate evolution, is consistent with these genes having functional roles that are unique to the invasive haemochorial placentas of humans and recent primates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Hypomethylation of functional retrotransposon-derived genes in the human placenta

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Life Sciences; Zoology; Cell Biology; Anatomy
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial