Hypersensitivity of BRCA2 deficient cells to rosemary extract explained by weak PARP inhibitory activity

Hypersensitivity of BRCA2 deficient cells to rosemary extract explained by weak PARP inhibitory... Rosemary extract is used in food additives and traditional medicine and has been observed to contain anti-tumor activity. In this study, rosemary extract is hypothesized to induce synthetic lethality in BRCA2 deficient cells by PARP inhibition. Chinese hamster lung V79 cells and its mutant cell lines, V-C8 (BRCA2 deficient) and V-C8 with BRCA2 gene correction were used. Rosemary extract and its major constituent chemicals were tested for their cytotoxicity by colony formation assay in cells of different BRCA2 status. The latter chemicals were tested for inhibitory effect of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity in vitro and in vivo. Rosemary has shown selective cytotoxicity against V-C8 cells (IC50 17 µg/ml) compared to V79 cells (IC50 26 µg/ml). Among tested chemicals, gallic acid and carnosic acid showed selective cytotoxicity to V-C8 cells along with PARP inhibitory effects. Carnosol showed comparative PARP inhibitory effects at 100 µM compared to carnosic acid and gallic acid, but the selective cytotoxicity was not observed. In conclusion, we predict that within rosemary extract two specific constituent components; gallic acid and carnosic acid were the cause for the synthetic lethality. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Hypersensitivity of BRCA2 deficient cells to rosemary extract explained by weak PARP inhibitory activity

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/hypersensitivity-of-brca2-deficient-cells-to-rosemary-extract-q1SErqVM0B
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-017-16795-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rosemary extract is used in food additives and traditional medicine and has been observed to contain anti-tumor activity. In this study, rosemary extract is hypothesized to induce synthetic lethality in BRCA2 deficient cells by PARP inhibition. Chinese hamster lung V79 cells and its mutant cell lines, V-C8 (BRCA2 deficient) and V-C8 with BRCA2 gene correction were used. Rosemary extract and its major constituent chemicals were tested for their cytotoxicity by colony formation assay in cells of different BRCA2 status. The latter chemicals were tested for inhibitory effect of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity in vitro and in vivo. Rosemary has shown selective cytotoxicity against V-C8 cells (IC50 17 µg/ml) compared to V79 cells (IC50 26 µg/ml). Among tested chemicals, gallic acid and carnosic acid showed selective cytotoxicity to V-C8 cells along with PARP inhibitory effects. Carnosol showed comparative PARP inhibitory effects at 100 µM compared to carnosic acid and gallic acid, but the selective cytotoxicity was not observed. In conclusion, we predict that within rosemary extract two specific constituent components; gallic acid and carnosic acid were the cause for the synthetic lethality.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off