Changes in the root diameter were measured in wheat, Triticum aestivum L., using a sensor of small displacements in “osmotic experiments,” and the hydraulic conductivity (L p) of the root was calculated by the method of initial flows. The L p decreased by two to three times during 30-min exposure in 0.1–9 mM H2O2. In 150 mM NaCl, changes in L p exhibited two-phase kinetics: an initial increase in L p by two and a half to three times, followed by a decrease to 1.6–50% of the control level within the subsequent 24 h. After one-day-long exposure of the roots in a solution containing 150 mM NaCl and 100 mg/l catalase, L p did not differ from the control level. Root pretreatment with salicylate, which promotes the formation of H2O2, prevented the initial increase in L p in 150 mM NaCl, probably, due to a drastic L p decrease. The activity of guaiacol peroxidase in the roots increased by three times within the 20-min exposure of the roots to the salt solution. The data suggest that hydrogen peroxide can mediate the L p decrease during the first day of salinity stress.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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