Hybridization and heterosis in the Plicatula group of Paspalum

Hybridization and heterosis in the Plicatula group of Paspalum Most forage cultivars released for the genus Paspalum belong to a section named Plicatula. The species of Plicatula are mostly apomictic and consequently the genetic diversity is locked for their genetic improvement. The objectives were to evaluate the crossability, hybrid fertility, heterosis, and genetic distances between apomictic accessions and a sexual genotype of species of Plicatula group of Paspalum. Crosses were made using 22 apomictic tetraploid accessions belonging to 12 different species as pollen donors, and a sexual tetraploid genotype induced by colchicine from a sexual diploid accession of P. plicatulum. Crossability varied between 0 and 16% among crosses. Viable hybrid offspring were recovered from 15 out of 22 crosses. The most successful crosses involved P. guenoarum, P. plicatulum, P. chaseanum, and P. oteroi. Fertility of the sampled hybrids varied between 1.6% for the cross involving P. lenticulare, and 40.1% for an intraspecific cross (P. plicatulum, accession Hojs388). The genetic distance between parents was estimated using amplified fragment-length polymorphism, and it varied between 0.34 and 0.53. There was no correlation between genetic distances and crossability or fertility of the hybrids. Hybrids from the most numerous families were classified for mode of reproduction using flow cytometric seed analysis. The ratio between sexual and apomictic hybrids varied between 0.6:1 and 1.6:1. A selected group of apomictic hybrids were evaluated for several agronomic traits in the field. Heterosis was observed for frost tolerance and cattle preference. The results indicated that gene transfer via hybridization is possible among several species of Plicatula. Superior hybrids for specific traits can be generated and fixed by apomixis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Euphytica Springer Journals

Hybridization and heterosis in the Plicatula group of Paspalum

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/hybridization-and-heterosis-in-the-plicatula-group-of-paspalum-PwcRTrQ6aT
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Pathology; Plant Physiology; Biotechnology
ISSN
0014-2336
eISSN
1573-5060
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10681-017-1983-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial