Hundreds of methane dunes nestle at the base of Pluto’s mountains

Hundreds of methane dunes nestle at the base of Pluto’s mountains RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS THIS WEEK were F. nipponica, a true native Museum of Los Angeles The comparison suggests of Japan. County in California and that 4,645 deaths were The authors say that his colleagues, who analysed associated with the storm. Japanese officials should 14 coprolites — fossilized One-third of survey strike the imposter from the faeces — from a Californian respondents reported a government’s list of threatened site that also included Maria-related death caused and endangered species, and B. parvus fossils. by a lack of medicine, the add F. nipponica instead. In the coprolites, the inability to use respiratory Conserv. Genet. http://doi.org/ researchers identified equipment or another cqg8 (2018) chunks of bone (grey health-care gap. fragment pictured) from N. Engl. J. Med. http://doi.org/ PL ANET AR Y SCIENCE deer-like mammals that groups to the main structure. cqgr (2018) may have weighed as much A QR code printed using Pluto boasts as 100 kilograms. The team the inks was invisible until NEUROSCIENCE estimates that the dogs illuminated with UV light. field of dunes The genes that weighed roughly 25 kilograms, The inks can even adhere to Dramatic dunes of methane the same as a small Dalmatian. surfaces underwater. gave us big brains sweep across part of Pluto. The The contrast between the As a coating on LEDs, the discovery shows that the dwarf dogs’ size and that of their inks can create lights that A cluster of genes found only planet’s atmosphere, although prey suggests that the hounds shine in a rainbow of colours, in humans might have had a thin, can still generate winds hunted in cooperative packs. the authors show. key role in the evolution of the powerful enough to blow eLife 7, e34773 (2018) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn http://doi. unusually bulky Homo sapiens particles across the surface. org/cp84 (2018) brain. Matt Telfer at Plymouth CHEMIS TR Y Frank Jacobs at the University, UK, and his EPIDEMIOL OG Y University of Amsterdam, Cheap inks colleagues studied images David Haussler at the A grim count of taken by NASA’s New University of California, Santa glow in UV Horizons spacecraft, which Cruz, and their colleagues storm deaths flew past Pluto in 2015. In the Inks that are inexpensive to found that members of a gene images, the dunes appear as make and that shine brightly The death toll from Hurricane family called NOTCH2NL parallel ridges near the edge under ultraviolet light could be Maria’s assault on Puerto Rico are active in humans — but of a great ice plain known as used to manufacture colourful was more than 70 times higher not in apes. The researchers Sputnik Planitia. coatings for light-emitting than the official estimate. say that the genes arose in The researchers’ diodes. Several months after the their current form roughly calculations suggest that To make a brilliantly September 2017 disaster, 3 million–4 million years methane gas begins to waft glowing ink, Hong-Bin Yao Puerto Rico’s government ago, after the human lineage off the methane-ice particles at the University of Science said that Maria had killed split from the branch that led on Sputnik Planitia. This lofts and Technology of China 64 people on the island. To to the great apes. When the the particles away from Pluto’s in Hefei and his team verify that number, Caroline team deleted the genes from surface. Winds then deposit devised nanoparticles Buckee at the Harvard T. H. models of human brains, the the grains as dunes similar that luminesce when they Chan School of Public Health resulting organs were smaller to those seen on Mars and crystallize, a phenomenon in Boston, Massachusetts, and than controls that had normal Saturn’s moon Titan. called aggregation-induced her colleagues surveyed 3,299 NOTCH2NL gene activity. The dunes probably formed emission. Most materials randomly selected Puerto In an independent result, in the past 500,000 years that exhibit such behaviour Rican households about Pierre Vanderhaeghen at the — which means Pluto is a are based on expensive household size and recent Free University of Brussels geologically active world. metals, but the researchers deaths. The resulting data and his colleagues found that Science 360, 992–997 (2018) used molecules that contain allowed the authors to calculate NOTCH2NL genes are active much cheaper elements — the mortality rate in the three in progenitor cells that give P AL AE ONT OL OG Y copper and iodine. The team months after the storm. The rise to neurons. The group produced inks in a wide team then compared that rate also found that increasing the Ancient dogs bit palette of colours (pictured) with the rate over the same activity of one NOTCH2NL by adding various organic period in 2016. gene boosts the number of big bones human stem cells that give Fossilized poo shows that dogs rise to neurons in the cortex with a ferocious bite roamed — and thereby boosts neuron North America 5 million years production. This suggests that ago, crushing the skeletons of NOTCH2NL helps to drive their prey in massive, muscular the enlargement of the brain jaws. during fetal development. Scientists have long Cell 173, 1356–1369; 1370–1384 suspected from its anatomy (2018) that the ancient dog known as Borophagus parvus dined NATURE.COM on bones. This theory has For the latest research published by been confirmed by Xiaoming Nature visit: Wang at the Natural History www.nature.com/latestresearch 7 J U N E 2018 | V O L 558 | N A T U R E | 9 © 201 8 Mac m ill an Publi shers Li m it ed, part of Spri nger Nat ur e. A ll ri ghts r eser ved. C. CHEN ET AL./ANGEW. CHEM. INT. EDN X. WANG ET AL./ELIFE http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Springer Journals

Hundreds of methane dunes nestle at the base of Pluto’s mountains

Nature , Volume 558 (7708) – May 31, 2018
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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Nature
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
ISSN
0028-0836
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1476-4687
D.O.I.
10.1038/d41586-018-05320-9
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Abstract

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS THIS WEEK were F. nipponica, a true native Museum of Los Angeles The comparison suggests of Japan. County in California and that 4,645 deaths were The authors say that his colleagues, who analysed associated with the storm. Japanese officials should 14 coprolites — fossilized One-third of survey strike the imposter from the faeces — from a Californian respondents reported a government’s list of threatened site that also included Maria-related death caused and endangered species, and B. parvus fossils. by a lack of medicine, the add F. nipponica instead. In the coprolites, the inability to use respiratory Conserv. Genet. http://doi.org/ researchers identified equipment or another cqg8 (2018) chunks of bone (grey health-care gap. fragment pictured) from N. Engl. J. Med. http://doi.org/ PL ANET AR Y SCIENCE deer-like mammals that groups to the main structure. cqgr (2018) may have weighed as much A QR code printed using Pluto boasts as 100 kilograms. The team the inks was invisible until NEUROSCIENCE estimates that the dogs illuminated with UV light. field of dunes The genes that weighed roughly 25 kilograms, The inks can even adhere to Dramatic dunes of methane the same as a small Dalmatian. surfaces underwater. gave us big brains sweep across part of Pluto. The The contrast between the As a coating on LEDs, the discovery shows that the dwarf dogs’ size and that of their inks can create lights that A cluster of genes found only planet’s atmosphere, although prey suggests that the hounds shine in a rainbow of colours, in humans might have had a thin, can still generate winds hunted in cooperative packs. the authors show. key role in the evolution of the powerful enough to blow eLife 7, e34773 (2018) Angew. Chem. Int. Edn http://doi. unusually bulky Homo sapiens particles across the surface. org/cp84 (2018) brain. Matt Telfer at Plymouth CHEMIS TR Y Frank Jacobs at the University, UK, and his EPIDEMIOL OG Y University of Amsterdam, Cheap inks colleagues studied images David Haussler at the A grim count of taken by NASA’s New University of California, Santa glow in UV Horizons spacecraft, which Cruz, and their colleagues storm deaths flew past Pluto in 2015. In the Inks that are inexpensive to found that members of a gene images, the dunes appear as make and that shine brightly The death toll from Hurricane family called NOTCH2NL parallel ridges near the edge under ultraviolet light could be Maria’s assault on Puerto Rico are active in humans — but of a great ice plain known as used to manufacture colourful was more than 70 times higher not in apes. The researchers Sputnik Planitia. coatings for light-emitting than the official estimate. say that the genes arose in The researchers’ diodes. Several months after the their current form roughly calculations suggest that To make a brilliantly September 2017 disaster, 3 million–4 million years methane gas begins to waft glowing ink, Hong-Bin Yao Puerto Rico’s government ago, after the human lineage off the methane-ice particles at the University of Science said that Maria had killed split from the branch that led on Sputnik Planitia. This lofts and Technology of China 64 people on the island. To to the great apes. When the the particles away from Pluto’s in Hefei and his team verify that number, Caroline team deleted the genes from surface. Winds then deposit devised nanoparticles Buckee at the Harvard T. H. models of human brains, the the grains as dunes similar that luminesce when they Chan School of Public Health resulting organs were smaller to those seen on Mars and crystallize, a phenomenon in Boston, Massachusetts, and than controls that had normal Saturn’s moon Titan. called aggregation-induced her colleagues surveyed 3,299 NOTCH2NL gene activity. The dunes probably formed emission. Most materials randomly selected Puerto In an independent result, in the past 500,000 years that exhibit such behaviour Rican households about Pierre Vanderhaeghen at the — which means Pluto is a are based on expensive household size and recent Free University of Brussels geologically active world. metals, but the researchers deaths. The resulting data and his colleagues found that Science 360, 992–997 (2018) used molecules that contain allowed the authors to calculate NOTCH2NL genes are active much cheaper elements — the mortality rate in the three in progenitor cells that give P AL AE ONT OL OG Y copper and iodine. The team months after the storm. The rise to neurons. The group produced inks in a wide team then compared that rate also found that increasing the Ancient dogs bit palette of colours (pictured) with the rate over the same activity of one NOTCH2NL by adding various organic period in 2016. gene boosts the number of big bones human stem cells that give Fossilized poo shows that dogs rise to neurons in the cortex with a ferocious bite roamed — and thereby boosts neuron North America 5 million years production. This suggests that ago, crushing the skeletons of NOTCH2NL helps to drive their prey in massive, muscular the enlargement of the brain jaws. during fetal development. Scientists have long Cell 173, 1356–1369; 1370–1384 suspected from its anatomy (2018) that the ancient dog known as Borophagus parvus dined NATURE.COM on bones. This theory has For the latest research published by been confirmed by Xiaoming Nature visit: Wang at the Natural History www.nature.com/latestresearch 7 J U N E 2018 | V O L 558 | N A T U R E | 9 © 201 8 Mac m ill an Publi shers Li m it ed, part of Spri nger Nat ur e. A ll ri ghts r eser ved. C. CHEN ET AL./ANGEW. CHEM. INT. EDN X. WANG ET AL./ELIFE

Journal

NatureSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

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