J Value Inquiry (2017) 51:397–415 DOI 10.1007/s10790-016-9585-2 Human Rights, Global Justice, or Historical Responsibility? Three Potential Appeals 1,2 Steve Vanderheiden Published online: 22 December 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016 Reform-minded theorists of global justice sometimes invoke a pragmatic form of ethical pluralism on behalf of constructing normative convergence around practical proposals to identify and redress existing injustice. Thomas Pogge, for example, offers three different but plausible ‘‘grounds of injustice’’ to impugn the ‘‘radical inequality’’ of global poverty, claiming that all three ‘‘agree on the same feasible reform of the status quo as a major step toward justice.’’ So long as three ‘‘distinct and competing political philosophies’’ can all classify some phenomenon as unjust and endorse the same reform proposal as promoting justice, he claims, we need not ‘‘decide among them’’ as offering either the most defensible diagnosis of the origin and nature of the injustice or the correspondingly appropriate remedial objectives. Even if the differences among those three approaches are of theoretical interest, appealing to distinct normative theories, such differences should not obstruct consensus around practical measures to lessen (if not fully rectify) the injustice in question. In certain practical contexts, this effort at consensus-building could be commended
The Journal of Value Inquiry – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 22, 2016
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