Human health risk assessment and PAHs in a stretch of river Ganges near Kanpur

Human health risk assessment and PAHs in a stretch of river Ganges near Kanpur The presence of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was measured in a small stretch of river Ganges in Kanpur, using high­performance liquid chromatography equipped with photodiode array detector (HPLC/PDA). Non-carcinogenic risk on human health was calculated in the form of hazardous index. Carcinogenic risk was calculated as chronic daily intake and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) with the help of monitored PAHs in river water. Due to non-availability of reference dose (RfD) values for all the 13 PAHs, the combined hazardous index for three PAHs was calculated. These values in winter, pre-monsoon, and post-monsoon period varied from 6.37 × 10−3 (Bithoor) to 1.12 × 10−2 (Jajmau), 2.89 × 10−3 (Bithoor) to 8.52 × 10−3 (Annandeshwar Temple), and 1.80 × 10−3 (Massacre Ghat) to 6.67 × 10−3 (Jajmau), respectively. In this study, the carcinogenic risk due to PAHs was calculated in the form of ILCR. ILCR due to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) varied from 1.39 × 10−6 (Massacre Ghat) to 1.45 × 10−5 (Jajmau). ILCR was also calculated with the help of BaPeq for five age groups of people (adults, teenagers, children, toddlers, and infants). The outcome of the study indicates that there is a need to control pollution of the river water to maintain its quality. Continuous discharge of PAHs into the river poses both human health risk and ecological risk. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Journals

Human health risk assessment and PAHs in a stretch of river Ganges near Kanpur

Loading next page...
Springer International Publishing
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Environment; Monitoring/Environmental Analysis; Environmental Management; Ecotoxicology; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Ecology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial