J OF CHIN POLIT SCI (2018) 23:139–140 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11366-018-9532-0 BOOK REVIEW Huisheng Shou, Globalization and Welfare Restructuring in China: The Authoritarianism that Listens? (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2017), 138p. $116 hardback. Jing Chen Published online: 7 February 2018 Journal of Chinese Political Science/Association of Chinese Political Studies 2018 Does globalization necessarily have a race to the bottom effect or a race to the top effect on the welfare protection policy of today’s states? Huisheng Shou finds that, unlike developed states, most developing states’ welfare spending moves to the middle. Despite the authoritarian nature of the regimes in question, globalization results in more people being covered with welfare spending at a reasonable level. To explain this phenomenon, Shou proposes a theory combining global and local dynamics and uses China as a case, illuminating the origin and institutionalization of its welfare program. Specifically, Shou argues that globalization (that is, economic integration) provides the necessary global dynamics by equalizing the wage and risk factors among different sectors and social groups, who in return demand similar welfare protection from the rulers. Shou argues that local dynamics induce rulers to expand welfare protection to cover more people. This is how local dynamics provide the second necessary
Journal of Chinese Political Science – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 7, 2018
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