Hugh Hefner, the International Academy of Sex Research, and Its
Published online: 27 October 2017
Ó Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017
This brief history is provided to the readers of Archives of Sexual
Behavior,the ofﬁcial publication oftheIASR,whomaybe
unaware of the link.
In 1953, when I was a ﬁrst year premedical student, Hugh
Hefner (1926–2017) published the ﬁrst issue of PLAYBOY
magazine, featuring a nude Marilyn Monroe. PLAYBOY took its
place for my study of anatomy alongside GRAY’S.
Twodecadeslater,when Ifounded theInternational Academy
of Sex Research, we needed to be incorporated as tax-exempt.
Burton Joseph, Executive Director of the Playboy Foundation,
arranged this. His letter of September 18, 1973:
I have spokenwithPlayboy’scounsel. They have assigned
one of their experienced attorneys to handle the matter of
incorporationof theInternationalAcademy ofSexResearch.
I have arranged to have all the costs billed to the Playboy
Foundation as our contribution toward the success of the
for his services. For years, we were incorporated in Illinois, the
to relocate the IASR for safekeeping at the Kinsey Institute in
Our 1975 inaugural meeting in Stony Brook, NY required
international scholars to bolster our name. The Playboy Foun-
dationpaid for thetravel ofJohn Bancroftfrom Oxford,England.
Playboy helped with sex and gender research. When I trans-
ferred my long-term study of cross-gender behaving boys from
UCLA to Stony Brook, funding temporarily fell between two
stools. ThePlayboy Foundation bridged the gap. When I began
the study of mothers, currently living as lesbians, and their chil-
dren, Playboy provided seed money. For the ﬁrst‘‘lesbian mother
child custody case,’’ Playboy funded the mother’s attorney and
her expert witness. We won.
When I discussed my long-term feminine boy study with
Hefnerat thePlayboyMansionin LosAngeles, hemade anastute
comment. As I described the three groups of boys, feminine boys
becoming gay men, feminine boys becoming straight men, and
masculineboys becoming straightmen,to him, themost interest-
ing were the feminine boys maturing as straight.
Hef’s only daughter, Christie, and I were on panels at profes-
sional meetings. Charming, intelligent, and an advocate of sex-
ual rights and the First Amendment promise of free speech, she
served as Playboy CEO for 20 years.
The location in Los Angeles of the 100 million dollar Play-
boy Mansion is on Charing Cross Road. Ironic, then, that
when I moved to London to direct the largest transsexual treat-
ment program, it was located at Charing Cross Hospital.
Reactionsto Hugh Hefner’sdeath were mixed.Some women
writers excoriated him. Brownmiller (2017) wrote‘‘Hugh Hefner
WasMyEnemy.’’ButSoh(2017) wrote ‘‘We should all thank
Hugh Hefner for sexual liberation.’’A more modulated response
was sent to me in an email by a woman writer friend, Jehan
Bokhari: ‘‘If he has gone to heaven, he was better off where he
Acknowledgments Richard Green is Professor of Psychiatry, Emeritus,
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, the Founding
President, International Academy of Sex Research, and Founding Editor,
Archives of Sexual Behavior.
& Richard Green
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Arch Sex Behav (2017) 46:2211–2212