Environ Dev Sustain https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0182-3 HPI appraisal of concentrations of heavy metals in dynamic and static flow of Ganga River System 1 1 2 3 Gagan Matta · Avinash Kumar · A. K. Tiwari · Pradeep K. Naik · R. Berndtsson Received: 15 November 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Ganga River system is a life support system to sustain the people of northeast region, India, by providing freshwater resource. In this study, the seasonal heavy metal concentrations of Ganga River system at Haridwar region (India) have been characterised for metal pollution. The collection of water samples was done from 10 different locations and analysed for various metal parameters (Zn, Pb, Mn, Fe, Cu, Si, Al, Ni, Cd, Mg and Co) using a standard laboratory procedures. The pollution level was assessed from the observed concentrations by using Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI) for nine heavy met- als. The observed values of HPI were found lower than the Critical Pollution Index value of 100 (average value 78.62 and 81.18) during the study period. The concentration of Fe and Mg is exceeding the desirable limits of the World Health Organization, Bureau of Indian Standards and US Environmental Protection Agency in all water samples
"Environment, Development and Sustainability" – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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