Biodivers Conserv (2018) 27:1873–1890
How to meet the 2020 GSPC target 8 in Europe:
priority‑setting for seed banking of native threatened
· E. Breman
· M. Kiehn
· A. Carta
· J. V. Müller
Received: 2 September 2017 / Revised: 13 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 /
Published online: 1 February 2018
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018
Abstract The contribution of the European Native Seed Conservation Network
(ENSCONET, 2004-2009) and the ENSCONET Consortium (since 2010) towards meet-
ing the 2020 Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) target 8 was assessed in 2017.
While the outcome was positive (62.7% of European threatened species already conserved
ex situ in seed banks), the analysis showed that it was essential to provide guidance on
which European native threatened species should be collected as a priority if the target
was to be reached by 2020. In this paper we present a priority-setting method and its result,
designed to guide collecting strategies across Europe to meet the 2020 GSPC target 8. The
result of our study is a country-based checklist of European threatened taxa to be collected
and stored ex situ across the seed banks of the ENSCONET Consortium by 2020. After
discussing the results of the applied method, the ENSCONET Consortium Steering Com-
mittee has identiﬁed some key action points to support the implementation of such a col-
lecting strategy across Europe in order to meet the 2020 GSPC target 8 for Europe.
Keywords Ex situ seed conservation · Seed banks · European threatened plant species ·
ENSCOBASE · ENSCONET Consortium
Communicated by David Hawksworth.
This article belongs tothe Topical Collection: Ex-situ conservation.
Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (https ://doi.org/10.1007/s1053
1-018-1513-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
* S. Rivière
ENSCONET Consortium, Cambridge, UK
Millennium Seed Bank, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Conservation Science, Wakehurst Place,
Ardingly RH17 6TN, UK
Core Facility Botanical Garden, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, 1030 Vienna, Austria
Department of Biology, Unit of Botany, University of Pisa, via Derna 1, 56126 Pisa, Italy