How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting?
A national survey
Steve Graham Æ Karen R. Harris Æ Linda Mason Æ
Barbara Fink-Chorzempa Æ Susan Moran Æ Bruce Saddler
Published online: 22 May 2007
Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007
Abstract A random sample of primary grade teachers from across the United
States was surveyed about their instructional practices in handwriting. Nine out of
every ten teachers indicated that they taught handwriting, averaging 70 minutes of
instruction per week. Only 12% of teachers, however, indicated that the education
courses taken in college adequately prepared them to teach handwriting. Despite
this lack of formal preparation, the majority of teachers used a variety of recom-
mended instructional practices for teaching handwriting. The application of such
practices, though, was applied unevenly, raising concerns about the quality of
handwriting instruction for all children.
Keywords Handwriting Á Instruction Á Teachers Á Teacher preparation Á
Preparation of this paper was supported by the Center to Accelerate Student Learning, funded by the U.S.
Department of Education’s Ofﬁce of Special Education Programs Grant H324V980001.
S. Graham (&) Á K. R. Harris
Vanderbilt University, Peabody College Box 328, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
State University of New York, New Paltz, NY, USA
Lehigh University, Bethelhem, PA, USA
State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
Read Writ (2008) 21:49–69