Consideration of the psychosocial contributions to cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains an ongoing focus of research in the behavioral sciences, with a particular emphasis on the role of hostility. There are, however, a number of inconsistent findings, and the generality of findings across genders remains a continuing concern. This article presents an emotions-theory perspective on the relation between personality and CVD and reports a test of the hypothesis that anxiety predicts CVD in women whereas hostility predicts CVD in men. Six hundred and eighty women and 415 men completed measures of traditional risk factors, emotion, and cardiovascular disease. Structural equation analyses supported our prediction. Data are interpreted in terms of their capacity to inform general psychosocial models of CVD, and implications for gender-specific intervention programs are discussed.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud