Hormonal Control of the Shoot-to-Root Ratio Is Not Related to Water Deficiency in Wheat Plants under Mineral Deficiency

Hormonal Control of the Shoot-to-Root Ratio Is Not Related to Water Deficiency in Wheat Plants... We measured the content of hormones, the rate of growth, and some parameters of water regime (water content, transpiration, and stomatal and hydraulic conductivities) one and two days after wheat plant transfer from 10 to 1% Hoagland-Arnon nutrient medium. It was shown that, a day after dilution of nutrient solution, the content of various cytokinin forms decreased in the xylem sap, shoots, and roots. This decrease was most pronounced in the case of zeatin in the xylem sap and zeatin riboside in the mature zone of the first leaf. ABA was found to accumulate in shoots. A day after dilution of nutrient solution, we observed root elongation evidently induced by mineral nutrient deficiency, and this accelerated root growth was maintained later. Two days after dilution of nutrient solution, we observed the slowing of shoot weight accumulation, whereas root weight remained unchanged. Plant growth response could be related to ABA accumulation in shoots and cytokinin depletion in the whole plant. A reduced hydraulic conductivity and water content in the growing leaf zone was detected only two days after dilution of nutrient solution. Thus, changes in the growth rates and hormone contents could not result from disturbances in water regime induced by mineral nutrient deficiency. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Hormonal Control of the Shoot-to-Root Ratio Is Not Related to Water Deficiency in Wheat Plants under Mineral Deficiency

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11183-005-0093-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We measured the content of hormones, the rate of growth, and some parameters of water regime (water content, transpiration, and stomatal and hydraulic conductivities) one and two days after wheat plant transfer from 10 to 1% Hoagland-Arnon nutrient medium. It was shown that, a day after dilution of nutrient solution, the content of various cytokinin forms decreased in the xylem sap, shoots, and roots. This decrease was most pronounced in the case of zeatin in the xylem sap and zeatin riboside in the mature zone of the first leaf. ABA was found to accumulate in shoots. A day after dilution of nutrient solution, we observed root elongation evidently induced by mineral nutrient deficiency, and this accelerated root growth was maintained later. Two days after dilution of nutrient solution, we observed the slowing of shoot weight accumulation, whereas root weight remained unchanged. Plant growth response could be related to ABA accumulation in shoots and cytokinin depletion in the whole plant. A reduced hydraulic conductivity and water content in the growing leaf zone was detected only two days after dilution of nutrient solution. Thus, changes in the growth rates and hormone contents could not result from disturbances in water regime induced by mineral nutrient deficiency.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 28, 2005

References

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