Homologous cryopreserved amniotic membrane in the repair of myelomeningocele: preliminary experience

Homologous cryopreserved amniotic membrane in the repair of myelomeningocele: preliminary experience Objective Surgical management of spinal dysraphism often requires the use of dural substitutes. Amniotic membrane (AM) has drawn the interest of clinicians for its valuable concentration of cytokines and factors capable of promoting wound healing, re- epithelialization, inhibiting fibrosis and regulating angiogenesis. These beneficial qualities could make AM an interesting dural substitute for spina bifida repair. In this study, we describe the use of banked homologous AM as a dural substitute for the repair of spinal dysraphism in newborns. Our purpose is to test the mechanical characteristics, as well as the safety and effectiveness of AM in preventing postoperative complications and re-tethering. Methods The AM patch was carefully detached from the chorion of donors undergoing caesarean section, rinsed in saline solution, and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. Five newborns were treated using AM: three affected by open spinal dysraphism and two by spina bifida occulta. The AM patch was used as a dural substitute with two different positions and purposes: the amnion-side down covering the placode to prevent adhesions or placed extradurally facing the dura to avoid scarring and facilitating the sliding of the dural sac itself under the extradural tissue layers. Results No adverse events occurred, and the surgical http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Neurochirurgica Springer Journals

Homologous cryopreserved amniotic membrane in the repair of myelomeningocele: preliminary experience

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Neurosurgery; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Neurology; Surgical Orthopedics; Minimally Invasive Surgery
ISSN
0001-6268
eISSN
0942-0940
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00701-018-3577-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective Surgical management of spinal dysraphism often requires the use of dural substitutes. Amniotic membrane (AM) has drawn the interest of clinicians for its valuable concentration of cytokines and factors capable of promoting wound healing, re- epithelialization, inhibiting fibrosis and regulating angiogenesis. These beneficial qualities could make AM an interesting dural substitute for spina bifida repair. In this study, we describe the use of banked homologous AM as a dural substitute for the repair of spinal dysraphism in newborns. Our purpose is to test the mechanical characteristics, as well as the safety and effectiveness of AM in preventing postoperative complications and re-tethering. Methods The AM patch was carefully detached from the chorion of donors undergoing caesarean section, rinsed in saline solution, and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. Five newborns were treated using AM: three affected by open spinal dysraphism and two by spina bifida occulta. The AM patch was used as a dural substitute with two different positions and purposes: the amnion-side down covering the placode to prevent adhesions or placed extradurally facing the dura to avoid scarring and facilitating the sliding of the dural sac itself under the extradural tissue layers. Results No adverse events occurred, and the surgical

Journal

Acta NeurochirurgicaSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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