To analyze expression of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) in gastric adenocarcinoma and correlate its expression with histological and clinical variables. A continuous series of 94 unselected patients with gastric adenocarcinoma (stage I to III) were selected. All histological and clinical variables were collected including the intensity of intra- and peri-tumor lymphocytic infiltration. HLA-G expression was investigated using immunohistochemistry. All histological samples analyzed for HLA-G expression were taken from the primary gastric lesion and included non-neoplastic mucosa. Evaluation of HLA-G expression was performed on the transition zone between tumor and non-neoplastic mucosa, and the invasive front of the tumor and assessment was performed as follows: percentage of positive (strong expression vs weak) cells. A variable amount of HLA-G-positive tumor cells was found in 24 out of 94 cases (25.5%). No significant correlation was found between HLA-G expression and other clinicopathological variables (sex, age, stage, grade, histotype). The overall median survival was worse in patients with HLA-G-positive adenocarcinoma (24.3 months, CI95% 7.7–41.0) compared to those with HLA-G-negative tumors (66.3 months, CI95% 53.0–79.7; p < 0.0001). Two- and 5-year survival rates of HLA-G-negative patients were 88 and 44%, respectively, while were 42 and 11% in those HLA-G-positive. This trend was observed in all stages but was more marked in stage III. HLA-G expression is associated with poor survival in stage III gastric cancer patients and represents a possible immunoescape mechanism of cancer cells.
Virchows Archiv – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud