HIV DNA integration during cell-to-cell transmission of infection: evidence for partially integrated DNA structures in acutely infected cells

HIV DNA integration during cell-to-cell transmission of infection: evidence for partially... A one-step cell-to-cell transmission model of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was used to study viral DNA integration in the early phase of viral replication. Co-culturing H3B cells as virus donors with CD4+ Hut78 recipient cells in a ratio of 1:4 produced a synchronous, one-step viral infection with de novo synthesis of unintegrated HIV DNA within 4 h p.i., which subsequently integrates in the host genomic DNA to form provirus. To study the kinetics of viral DNA integration, cellular chromosomal DNA was isolated at different times after co-culturing and extensive electrophoresis was used to remove residual unintegrated viral DNA. Removal of contaminating, unintegrated viral DNA in the purified chromosomal DNA fraction was confirmed by various experiments. When purified chromosomal DNA (free of contaminating unintegrated viral DNA) – from the mix of acutely infected cells – was digested with restriction enzymes KpnI, BamHI or PstI and analysed by Southern blot hybridization, integration of viral DNA into chromosomal DNA was first observed at 8 h p.i. and was essentially complete by 72 h p.i. In addition, evidence was found for a relatively stable, partially integrated HIV DNA structure within the chromosomal DNA, that was first detectable at 8 h p.i. and did not become fully integrated until 72 hours post infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

HIV DNA integration during cell-to-cell transmission of infection: evidence for partially integrated DNA structures in acutely infected cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050170045
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A one-step cell-to-cell transmission model of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was used to study viral DNA integration in the early phase of viral replication. Co-culturing H3B cells as virus donors with CD4+ Hut78 recipient cells in a ratio of 1:4 produced a synchronous, one-step viral infection with de novo synthesis of unintegrated HIV DNA within 4 h p.i., which subsequently integrates in the host genomic DNA to form provirus. To study the kinetics of viral DNA integration, cellular chromosomal DNA was isolated at different times after co-culturing and extensive electrophoresis was used to remove residual unintegrated viral DNA. Removal of contaminating, unintegrated viral DNA in the purified chromosomal DNA fraction was confirmed by various experiments. When purified chromosomal DNA (free of contaminating unintegrated viral DNA) – from the mix of acutely infected cells – was digested with restriction enzymes KpnI, BamHI or PstI and analysed by Southern blot hybridization, integration of viral DNA into chromosomal DNA was first observed at 8 h p.i. and was essentially complete by 72 h p.i. In addition, evidence was found for a relatively stable, partially integrated HIV DNA structure within the chromosomal DNA, that was first detectable at 8 h p.i. and did not become fully integrated until 72 hours post infection.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 2001

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