Objectives To compare the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, and related risky behaviours among inmates in Quebec’s provincial prisons between 2003 and 2014–2015. Methods Cross-sectional data were anonymously collected from May 2014 to March 2015 for men (n = 1315) and women (n = 250) and combined with data collected in 2003 to evaluate trends in the last decade. Participants completed a questionnaire and provided saliva samples. The data from the 2003 and 2014–2015 surveys were merged for statistical analysis. Results HIV prevalence was stable between 2003 and 2014–2015 for men (2.4% vs. 1.8%, p = 0.4), whereas it decreased for women (8.8% vs. 0.8%, p < 0.001). HCV prevalence decreased between 2003 and 2014–2015 for both men (16.6% vs. 11.9%, p < 0.001) and women (29.2% vs. 19.2%, p = 0.02). HIV and HCV prevalence were higher among people who inject drugs (PWID), for both sexes and both studies. PWID-specific prevalence did not change between 2003 and 2014–2015, except for a decrease in HIV prevalence in PWID women. However, the proportion of prisoners reporting a history of injection drug use outside prison was lower in 2014–2015 than in 2003 for men (19.8% vs. 27.7%, p
Canadian Journal of Public Health – Springer Journals
Published: May 7, 2018
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