Histone dynamics and roles of histone acetyltransferases during cold-induced gene regulation in Arabidopsis

Histone dynamics and roles of histone acetyltransferases during cold-induced gene regulation in... In Arabidopsis, CBF transcription factors bind to and activate certain cold-regulated (COR) gene promoters during cold acclimation. Consistent with the prevailing model that histone acetylation and nucleosomal depletion correspond with transcriptionally active genes, we now report that H3 acetylation increases and nucleosome occupancy decreases at COR gene promoters upon cold acclimation. Overexpression of CBF1 resulted in a constitutive increase in H3 acetylation and decrease in nucleosome occupancy, consistent with the constitutive activation of COR gene expression. Overexpression of a truncated form of CBF2 lacking its transcriptional activation domain resulted in a cold-stimulated increase in H3 acetylation, but no change in nucleosomal occupancy or COR gene expression, indicating that histone acetylation is congruent with but not sufficient for cold-activation of COR gene expression. Plants homozygous for T-DNA disruption alleles of GCN5 (encoding a histone acetyltransferase) or ADA2b (a GCN5-interacting protein) show diminished expression of COR genes during cold acclimation. Contrary to expectations, H3 acetylation at COR gene promoters was stimulated upon cold acclimation in ada2b and gcn5 plants as in wild type plants, but the decrease in nucleosome occupancy was diminished. Thus, GCN5 is not the HAT responsible for histone acetylation at COR gene promoters during cold acclimation. Several other HAT mutant plants were also tested; although some do affect COR gene expression, none affected histone acetylation. Therefore, H3 acetylation at the COR gene promoters is not solely dependent on any of the HATs tested. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Histone dynamics and roles of histone acetyltransferases during cold-induced gene regulation in Arabidopsis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/histone-dynamics-and-roles-of-histone-acetyltransferases-during-cold-U57hIXGWbU
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-010-9665-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In Arabidopsis, CBF transcription factors bind to and activate certain cold-regulated (COR) gene promoters during cold acclimation. Consistent with the prevailing model that histone acetylation and nucleosomal depletion correspond with transcriptionally active genes, we now report that H3 acetylation increases and nucleosome occupancy decreases at COR gene promoters upon cold acclimation. Overexpression of CBF1 resulted in a constitutive increase in H3 acetylation and decrease in nucleosome occupancy, consistent with the constitutive activation of COR gene expression. Overexpression of a truncated form of CBF2 lacking its transcriptional activation domain resulted in a cold-stimulated increase in H3 acetylation, but no change in nucleosomal occupancy or COR gene expression, indicating that histone acetylation is congruent with but not sufficient for cold-activation of COR gene expression. Plants homozygous for T-DNA disruption alleles of GCN5 (encoding a histone acetyltransferase) or ADA2b (a GCN5-interacting protein) show diminished expression of COR genes during cold acclimation. Contrary to expectations, H3 acetylation at COR gene promoters was stimulated upon cold acclimation in ada2b and gcn5 plants as in wild type plants, but the decrease in nucleosome occupancy was diminished. Thus, GCN5 is not the HAT responsible for histone acetylation at COR gene promoters during cold acclimation. Several other HAT mutant plants were also tested; although some do affect COR gene expression, none affected histone acetylation. Therefore, H3 acetylation at the COR gene promoters is not solely dependent on any of the HATs tested.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 27, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off