Implication of His-to-Asp and/or Asp-to-His (His-Asp) phosphorelay has been recently reported in signal transduction pathways initiated by ethylene and cytokinin. These signaling systems are generally composed of sensor His-protein kinases, His-containing phosphotransfer (HPt) domains, and response regulator domains. In this study, we isolated maize cDNAs, designated as ZmRR2 and ZmHP2, which encode a response regulator domain and HPt domain, respectively, and we identified their His-to-Asp phosphotransfer activity in vitro. The putative translated product of ZmRR2 was highly similar to that of ZmRR1 (78% identity), a maize response regulator homologue. The putative translated product of ZmHP2 showed similarity to that of HPt domains from Arabidopsis thaliana (AHP1–AHP3: 44 to 47% identity) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Ypd1p: 24% identity). In vitro experiments demonstrated that the putative signaling factors can transfer the phosphoryl group from His-80 of ZmHP2 to Asp-90 of ZmRRs. Treating detached leaves with t-zeatin or supplying inorganic nitrogen to the whole plant induced the accumulation of ZmRR1 and ZmRR2 transcripts. On the other hand, the steady-state transcript level of ZmHP2 was not affected by cytokinin or inorganic nitrogen sources. These results indicate that His-Asp phosphotransfer may be involved in the transduction of nitrogen signals mediated by cytokinin, and that multiple response regulators participate in the signaling pathways.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera