Highlights on MRI of the fetal body

Highlights on MRI of the fetal body Fetal MRI is a level III diagnostic tool performed subsequently a level II prenatal ultrasound (US), in cases of inconclusive ultrasonographic diagnosis or when a further investigation is required to confirm or improve the diagnosis, to plan an appropriate pregnancy management. Fetal MRI plays an increasingly important role in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal neck, chest and abdominal malformations, even if its role has been amply demonstrated, especially, in the field of fetal CNS anomalies. Due to its multiparametricity and multiplanarity, MRI provides a detailed evaluation of the whole fetal respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems, especially on T2-weighted (W) images, with a good tissue contrast resolution. In the evaluation of the digestive tract, T1-W sequences are very important in relation to the typical hyperintensity of the large intestine, due to the presence of meconium. The objective of this review is to focus on the application of fetal MRI in neck, chest and abdominal diseases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png La radiologia medica Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer Milan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Italian Society of Medical Radiology
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Diagnostic Radiology; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Ultrasound
ISSN
0033-8362
eISSN
1826-6983
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11547-017-0834-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fetal MRI is a level III diagnostic tool performed subsequently a level II prenatal ultrasound (US), in cases of inconclusive ultrasonographic diagnosis or when a further investigation is required to confirm or improve the diagnosis, to plan an appropriate pregnancy management. Fetal MRI plays an increasingly important role in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal neck, chest and abdominal malformations, even if its role has been amply demonstrated, especially, in the field of fetal CNS anomalies. Due to its multiparametricity and multiplanarity, MRI provides a detailed evaluation of the whole fetal respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems, especially on T2-weighted (W) images, with a good tissue contrast resolution. In the evaluation of the digestive tract, T1-W sequences are very important in relation to the typical hyperintensity of the large intestine, due to the presence of meconium. The objective of this review is to focus on the application of fetal MRI in neck, chest and abdominal diseases.

Journal

La radiologia medicaSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 21, 2017

References

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