Fetal MRI is a level III diagnostic tool performed subsequently a level II prenatal ultrasound (US), in cases of inconclusive ultrasonographic diagnosis or when a further investigation is required to confirm or improve the diagnosis, to plan an appropriate pregnancy management. Fetal MRI plays an increasingly important role in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal neck, chest and abdominal malformations, even if its role has been amply demonstrated, especially, in the field of fetal CNS anomalies. Due to its multiparametricity and multiplanarity, MRI provides a detailed evaluation of the whole fetal respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems, especially on T2-weighted (W) images, with a good tissue contrast resolution. In the evaluation of the digestive tract, T1-W sequences are very important in relation to the typical hyperintensity of the large intestine, due to the presence of meconium. The objective of this review is to focus on the application of fetal MRI in neck, chest and abdominal diseases.
La radiologia medica – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 21, 2017
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