Experimental measurements of the wall shear stress and momentum thickness for thick axisymmetric turbulent boundary layers are presented. The use of a full-scale towing tank allowed zero pressure gradient turbulent boundary layers to be developed on cylinders with diameters of 0.61, 0.89, and 2.5 mm and lengths ranging from 30 m to 150 m. Moderate to high Reynolds numbers (104<Re θ <105, 108<Re L<109) are considered. The relationship between the mean wall shear stress, cylinder diameter, cylinder length, and speed was investigated, and the spatial growth of the momentum thickness was determined. The wall shear stress is significantly higher, and the spatial growth of the boundary layers is shown to be lower than for a comparable flat-plate case. The mean wall shear stress exhibits variations with length that are not seen in zero pressure gradient flat plate turbulent boundary layers. The ratio of outer to inner boundary layer length scales is found to vary linearly with Re θ , which is qualitatively similar to a flat plate turbulent boundary layer. The quantitative effect of a riblet cylindrical cross-sectional geometry scaled for drag reduction based on flat plate criteria was also measured. The flat plate criteria do not lead to drag reduction for this class of boundary layer shear flows.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 11, 2003
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